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      Decomposition kinetics of gaseous ozone in peanuts Translated title: Cinética da decomposição do gás ozônio em amendoim

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          Abstract

          This study was conducted to evaluate the decomposition kinetics of gaseous ozone in peanut grains. This evaluation was made with 1-kg peanut samples, moisture contents being 7.1 and 10.5% wet basis (w.b.), placed in 3-liter glass containers. The peanut grains were ozonated at the concentration of 450 µg L-1, at 25 and 35 ºC, with gas flow rates of 1.0 and 3.0 L min-1. Time of saturation was determined by quantifying the residual concentration of ozone after the gas passed through the grains to constant mass. The decomposition kinetics of ozone was evaluated after the grain mass was ozone-saturated. For the peanut grains whose moisture content was 7.1% (w.b.), at 25 and 35ºC and with flow rates of 1.0 and 3.0 L min-1, the values obtained for time of saturation of gaseous ozone ranged between 173 and 192 min; the concentration of saturation was approximately 260 µg L-1. For the grains whose moisture content was 10.5% (w.b.), a higher residual concentration of gaseous ozone was obtained at 25 ºC, that of 190 µg L-1. As regards the half-life of ozone, the highest value obtained was equivalent to 7.7 min for grains ozonated at 25 ºC, while for those with moisture content of 10.5% at 35 ºC, half-life was 3.2 min. In the process of ozone decomposition in peanut grains, temperature was concluded to be the key factor. An increase of 10 ºC in the temperature of the grains results in a decrease of at least 43% in the half-life of ozone.

          Translated abstract

          Este trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar a cinética de decomposição do ozônio em grãos de amendoim. Para avaliar a cinética de decomposição do gás, utilizaram-se amostras de 1 kg de amendoim, com teores de água de 7,1 e 10,5% base úmida (b.u.), acondicionadas em recipientes de vidro com capacidade de 3 L. Os grãos de amendoim foram ozonizados na concentração de 450 µg L-1, nas temperaturas de 25 e 35 ºC, e vazões do gás de 1,0 e 3,0 L min-1. Determinou-se o tempo de saturação, quantificando-se a concentração residual do ozônio após a passagem do gás pela massa de grãos, até que a mesma se mantivesse constante. A cinética de decomposição foi avaliada depois da saturação da massa de grãos com o gás. Nessa etapa, obteve-se a concentração residual do ozônio, depois de períodos de repouso, durante os quais o gás reagia no meio poroso, e dessa forma, era decomposto. Um modelo cinético de primeira ordem foi ajustado aos dados da concentração residual em função do tempo, após linearização. A partir dos valores da constante da taxa de decomposição, definida como a inclinação da reta referente ao modelo cinético de primeira ordem linearizado, foi possível obter a meia-vida do ozônio em grãos de amendoim. Para os grãos de amendoim com teor de água de 7,1% (b.u.), nas temperaturas de 25 e 35 °C, e vazões de 1,0 e 3,0 L min-1, os valores obtidos de tempo de saturação do gás permaneceram na faixa entre 173 e 192 min, com concentração de saturação de aproximadamente 260 µg. L-1. Para os grãos com teor de água de 10,5% b.u., obteve-se maior concentração residual do gás na temperatura de 25 ºC, sendo igual a 190 µg. L-1. No que se refere ao tempo de meia-vida do ozônio, o maior valor obtido foi equivalente a 7,7 min para os grãos ozonizados na temperatura de 25 ºC, enquanto para aqueles com 10,5% de teor de água, na temperatura de 35 ºC, foi de 3,2 min. Concluiu-se que, no processo de decomposição do ozônio em grãos de amendoim, o fator determinante é a temperatura. Observou-se que o aumento de 10 ºC na temperatura dos grãos implica decréscimo de, pelo menos, 43% no tempo de meia-vida do gás.

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          Most cited references32

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          Use of ozone in the food industry

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            Use of ozone in food industries for reducing the environmental impact of cleaning and disinfection activities

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              Efficacy and fumigation characteristics of ozone in stored maize.

              This study evaluated the efficacy of ozone as a fumigant to disinfest stored maize. Treatment of 8.9tonnes (350bu) of maize with 50ppm ozone for 3d resulted in 92-100% mortality of adult red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), adult maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.), and larval Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) and reduced by 63% the contamination level of the fungus Aspergillus parasiticus Speare on the kernel surface. Ozone fumigation of maize had two distinct phases. Phase 1 was characterized by rapid degradation of the ozone and slow movement through the grain. In Phase 2, the ozone flowed freely through the grain with little degradation and occurred once the molecular sites responsible for ozone degradation became saturated. The rate of saturation depended on the velocity of the ozone/air stream. The optimum apparent velocity for deep penetration of ozone into the grain mass was 0.03m/s, a velocity that is achievable in typical storage structures with current fans and motors. At this velocity 85% of the ozone penetrated 2.7m into the column of grain in 0.8d during Phase 1 and within 5d a stable degradation rate of 1ppm/0.3m was achieved. Optimum velocity for Phase 2 was 0.02m/s. At this velocity, 90% of the ozone dose penetrated 2.7m in less than 0.5d. These data demonstrate the potential usefulness of using ozone in managing stored maize and possibly other grains.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                eagri
                Engenharia Agrícola
                Eng. Agríc.
                Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola (Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil )
                0100-6916
                1809-4430
                October 2011
                : 31
                : 5
                : 930-939
                Affiliations
                [02] Viçosa MG orgnameUFV orgdiv1Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola Brasil
                [03] MG orgnameUFV orgdiv1Departamento de Informática Brasil
                [01] Brasília DF orgnameUNB orgdiv1Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária Brasil ernandesalencar@ 123456unb.br
                Article
                S0100-69162011000500011 S0100-6916(11)03100511
                c527c05e-5225-46b7-9a91-ff0de5e8a3e1

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 31 May 2011
                : 08 April 2010
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 10
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Categories
                Post Harvest Science and Technology

                concentration of saturation,time of saturation,half-life,concentração de saturação,tempo de saturação,tempo de meia-vida

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