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      Movement imagery ability: development and assessment of a revised version of the vividness of movement imagery questionnaire.

      Journal of sport & exercise psychology
      Adolescent, Adult, Aptitude, Female, Humans, Imagination, Kinesthesis, Male, Practice (Psychology), Psychometrics, statistics & numerical data, Psychomotor Performance, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Sports, psychology

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this research was to amend the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire (VMIQ; Isaac, Marks, & Russell, 1986) in line with contemporary imagery modality and perspective conceptualizations, and to test the validity of the amended questionnaire (i.e., the VMIQ-2). Study 1 had 351 athletes complete the 3-factor (internal visual imagery, external visual imagery, and kinesthetic imagery) 24-item VMIQ-2. Following single-factor confirmatory factor analyses and item deletion, a 12-item version was subject to correlated traits / correlated uniqueness (CTCU) analysis. An acceptable fit was revealed. Study 2 used a different sample of 355 athletes. The CTCU analysis confirmed the factorial validity of the 12-item VMIQ-2. In Study 3, the concurrent and construct validity of the VMIQ-2 was supported. Taken together, the results of the 3 studies provide preliminary support for the revised VMIQ-2 as a psychometrically valid questionnaire.

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