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      Peripheral Arterial-Vascular Disease in Women: Prevalence, Prognosis, and Treatment

      , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Women, Ankle/brachial index, Claudication, Peripheral arterial disease

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          Abstract

          Lower extremity atherosclerosis results in significant morbidity in women, particularly in women following the menopause. Up to 25% of women aged 55 to 74 years are affected by this disease. When noninvasive testing is used to determine the prevalence of lower extremity atherosclerosis, and men in this age group are equally represented. Cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, and menopause are risk factors for atherosclerosis of particular interest in women. The prevalence of cigarette smoking is rising rapidly among women, and diabetes appears to be a greater risk factor for atherosclerosis in women than in men. Risk factor reduction, in addition to an exercise program, are important parts of the treatment program for stable claudication. In both men and women with more severe symptoms, an ankle/brachial index (ABI) of less than 0.3 is associated with a poor prognosis. Men and women fare equally well following revascularization for severe peripheral atherosclerosis. However, there are some data to suggest that women may be offered peripheral revascularization at a lower rate.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6197-6
          978-3-318-01964-3
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          19 November 2008
          : 86
          : 4
          : 349-355
          Affiliations
          Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Cardiovascular Division, Boston, Mass., USA
          Article
          176899 Cardiology 1995;86:349–355
          10.1159/000176899
          7553710
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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          Pages: 7
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