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      Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Phenotype Influences Glycosaminoglycan Composition and Growth Effects of Extracellular Matrix

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          Abstract

          Rat neonatal and neointimal vascular smooth muscle cells differ dramatically from adult medial vascular smooth muscle cells in their growth properties, with the neonatal and neointimal cells exhibiting growth in the absence of exogenously added growth factors. Since it has been hypothesized that extracellular matrix proteoglycans may influence the growth and differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells, we examined the ability of matrix derived from these cells to influence vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. To produce test matrices, cells were grown to confluence and removed by brief alkali treatment. Test cells were seeded onto these matrices and the rates of growth in a growth-factor-deficient medium determined. Compared to plastic wells, matrix from neonatal or neointimal cells stimulated the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells. Interestingly, matrix from adult cells was less efficient at promoting growth. Enzymatic digestion of extracellular matrix heparan sulfate, but not of other glycosaminoglycans, further increased the growth-stimulatory effect of extracellular matrix, suggesting that matrix heparan sulfate acts as a growth inhibitor. Consistent with this, biochemical analysis showed that the adult matrix contained a higher percentage of heparan sulfate compared with neonatal or neointimal matrix. These results suggest that autocrine production of heparan sulfate proteoglycans may play an important role in growth regulation of vascular smooth muscle cells during normal vascular development and differentiation as well as in pathological response to injury.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1996
          1996
          24 September 2008
          : 33
          : 6
          : 433-441
          Affiliations
          Departments of aCardiothoracic Surgery, and bPharmacology, University of Kiel, Germany; cDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif., USA
          Article
          159174 J Vasc Res 1996;33:433–441
          10.1159/000159174
          8998192
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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