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      Mamíferos de la Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú, Departamento Canindeyú, Representadas en Colecciones Científicas Translated title: Mammals of the Mbaracayú Forest Natural Reserve, Canindeyú Department, Represented in Scientific Collections

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          Abstract

          RESUMEN La Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú (RNBM) es un área protegida de 64.405 ha en Canindeyú, nordeste de Paraguay. La mayor parte de su cobertura es de Bosque Atlántico del Alto Paraná, pero incorpora también un área significante de Cerrado. Además de ocasionales investigaciones biológicas y la caza por métodos tradicionales por parte de los indígenas Aché, el bosque ha estado prácticamente intocado durante los últimos 35-40 años y, como resultado, alberga una comunidad faunística casi completa y representativa de esta región. Este artículo reporta sobre las especies de mamíferos residentes en la Reserva, que han sido verificadas por uno o más especímenes. De las más de 40 colecciones de mamíferos revisadas en Europa, América del Norte y del Sur, se conocen diez que contienen un total de 4.929 especímenes provenientes de la RNBM. Los especímenes representan una fauna diversa de mamíferos, abarcando 20 familias y 71 especies. Sumado con otros registros verificables, al menos 84 especies de mamíferos habitan en la Reserva. Reportes recientemente verificados de mamíferos adicionales en la Reserva sugieren que la investigación continuada debe ser apoyada.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT The Mbaracayú Forest Natural Reserve (RNBM) is a 64,405 ha tract of protected land in Canindeyú, northeastern Paraguay. The majority of its land cover is Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest, as well as a substantial Cerrado portion. Other than limited biological research and hunting by traditional methods by Aché indigenous people, the forest has been largely undisturbed for the last 35-40 years, and thus hosts a relatively complete faunal community representative of this region. This paper reports on the mammalian species resident in the Reserve, which have been verified by one or more voucher specimens. Of over 40 mammal collections surveyed in Europe, North and South America, we are aware of ten which contain a total of 4,929 specimens from the RNBM. The specimens represent a diverse mammalian fauna, including 20 families and 71 species. Based on other verifiable records, at least 84 species of mammals are known from the Reserve. Recent reports of newly verified mammals from the Reserve suggest that continued research should be supported.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Impact of Hunting on Large Vertebrates in the Mbaracayu Reserve, Paraguay

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            Hunting-Related Changes in Game Encounter Rates from 1994 to 2001 in the Mbaracayu Reserve, Paraguay

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              An annotated checklist of the mammals of Paraguay

              As the center of convergence of some of the major bioregions of South America, Paraguay is a biodiverse country of biogeographic importance. Yet despite a long history of natural history research, basic knowledge of its fauna, including mammals, is still lacking. The last updated list of Paraguayan mammals was published in 2002, but increased research efforts since that time have brought about numerous changes in the taxonomy and known distribution of many species. We present an updated and annotated checklist on the mammals of Paraguay through 2016. Only species records based on the assessment of some type of verifiable voucher are included here. Because the Paraguay River has been considered a significant biogeographic boundary, the distribution of each species (east of the river, west of the river, present on both sides) is tabulated as well. We recorded 181 native species of mammals, 30 more than in 2002, belonging to 10 orders, 33 families, and 116 genera. Chiroptera (58) was the most diverse order, followed by Rodentia (56), Carnívora (20) and Didelphimorphia (18). Ctenomys pilarensis, C. paraguayensis y C. dorsalis are known only from Paraguay. The inventory is likely incomplete, as well as our knowledge of species distributional limits. Continued collecting of tissues and vouchers, as well as an examination of museum specimens, is necessary to address numerous unsolved questions concerning distribution, taxonomy, ecology, biogeography, population biology and the effects of anthropogenic modification.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rscp
                Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay
                Rev. Soc. cient. Parag.
                Sociedad Científica del Paraguay (Asunción, , Paraguay )
                0379-9123
                2617-4731
                June 2019
                : 24
                : 1
                : 163-172
                Affiliations
                Asunción orgnameFAUNA Paraguay y Para La Tierra Paraguay
                Asunción orgnameCentro del Desarrollo de Investigaciones Científicas Paraguay
                Article
                S2617-47312019000100163 S2617-4731(19)02400100163
                10.32480/rscp.2019-24-1.163-172

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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