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      School and community physical activity characteristics and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among Chinese school-aged children: A multilevel path model analysis


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          The purpose of this study was to examine the association between school and community physical activity (PA) characteristics and levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Chinese school children.


          Data were obtained from the 2016 Physical Activity and Fitness in China—The Youth Study project. Participants were 80,928 school children (Grades 4–12; 39,747 boys, 41,181 girls; mean age = 13 years) and 935 physical education (PE) teachers who completed a study survey. Independent variables included both school-related factors (school-level PA support, availability of and access to PA facilities, and the duration of school PE classes) and community-related factors (the frequency of sports events, sports training opportunities, availability of sports clubs and organizations, and access to PA facilities). The dependent variable was the children's self-reported participation in MVPA. The data were analyzed, in 2017, via multilevel modeling.


          PA support from school administrators was the only school-level factor significantly related to children's participation in MVPA. Children's perceptions of the frequency of community-sponsored sports events, availability of sports clubs and organizations, and convenient access to PA facilities were associated with a high level of MVPA participation. In regard to residency in urban and rural areas, children attending urban schools who perceived high availability of PA facilities were associated with a low level of participation in MVPA.


          School support for PA and community PA resources are associated with MVPA among Chinese school children. School PA facilities appear underutilized among urban schools as evidenced by low levels of MVPA among school children.

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          Most cited references24

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          Correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents: A systematic review of reviews

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            The association of school environments with youth physical activity.

            This study assessed the association of school environmental characteristics with student physical activity on campus. Physical activity areas (n = 137) at 24 public middle schools were assessed for area type, size, and improvements (e.g., basketball courts). Student physical activity and the presence of equipment and supervision were directly observed before school, after lunch, and after school. Environmental characteristics explained 42% of the variance in the proportion of girls who were physically active and 59% of the variance for boys. School environments with high levels of supervision and improvements stimulated girls and boys to be more physically active.
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              Associations of objectively measured built-environment attributes with youth moderate-vigorous physical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

              Understanding attributes of the built environment that influence children's and adolescents' habitual physical activity can inform urban design.

                Author and article information

                J Sport Health Sci
                J Sport Health Sci
                Journal of Sport and Health Science
                Shanghai University of Sport
                05 September 2017
                December 2017
                05 September 2017
                : 6
                : 4
                : 416-422
                [a ]School of Physical Education and Sport Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
                [b ]Shanghai Research Center for Physical Fitness and Health of Children and Adolescents, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
                [c ]School of Physical Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author. tybsh2011@ 123456126.com
                © 2017 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport.

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

                : 22 May 2017
                : 6 August 2017
                : 10 August 2017
                Special issue on Physical activity, fitness, and obesity in Chinese school-aged children and adolescents: An update

                facilities,physical activity support,physical education,rural areas,teachers,urban areas


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