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      Correlation between eHealth literacy and physical fitness of college students

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the current situation and association of eHealth literacy with physical health of college students, so as to provide a basis for physical health improvement.

          Methods By using stratified random clustering sampling method, a total of 1 446 students from first to third year of college in four colleges and universities in Dongguan were selected for the eHealth literacy questionnaire and physical fitness test.

          Results The average eHealth literacy score of college students was (29.72±6.19), with a pass rate of 48.8%. The scores for each dimension were application ability (18.57±4.10), judgment ability (7.48±1.67), and decision-making ability (3.67±0.91). The differences in eHealth literacy scores among college students with different birthplaces, family upbringing and frequency of participation in outdoor sports were statistically significant ( t/ F = −2.44, 3.51, 10.19, P<0.05). The mean score of physical fitness was (73.20±7.86), with a failure rate of 5.0%, a passing rate of 77.0%, a success rate of 17.1%, and an excellent rate of 0.8%. The differences in scores of physical fitness test varied significantly by gender, grade, and frequency of participation in outdoor sports ( Z= −2.27, 8.75, 39.90, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that eHealth literacy and the three dimensions of application ability, judgment ability, and decision-making ability were positively correlated with total physical fitness test scores ( r = 0.17, 0.18, 0.16, 0.19, P<0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that after adjusted for gender, grade, and frequency of participation in outdoor sports, eHealth literacy application ability, judgment ability, and decision-making ability could significantly and positively affect physical fitness test score ( β = 0.13, 0.12, 0.12, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Physical fitness of college students is associated with eHealth literacy, promotion of eHealth literacy among college students help improve physical health status.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解大学生电子健康素养和体质健康现状并探讨两者的关系, 为提高其体质健康水平提供依据。 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样法, 于2021年10—12月抽取东莞市广东医科大学、东莞理工学院、东莞职业技术学院、东莞城市学 院 4 所高校 1 446 名大一至大三年级学生, 进行电子健康素养问卷调查和体质健康测试。 结果 大学生电子健康素养总 分为 (29.72±6.19) 分, 合格率为 48.8%, 各维度得分分别为应用能力 (18.57±4.10) 分、评判能力 (7.48±1.67)分、决策能力 (3.67±0.91) 分。不同生源地、家庭教养方式和参加户外运动频率大学生电子健康素养得分差异均有统计学意义 ( t/ F 值 分别为 −2.44, 3.51, 10.19, P 值均<0.05)。大学生体质健康测试平均分为 (73.20±7.86) 分, 不及格率为5.0%、及格率为 77.0%, 良好率为 17.1%, 优秀率为0.8%, 不同性别、年级、参加户外运动频率大学生体质健康测试的等级差异均有统计学 意义 ( Z 值分别为 −2.27, 8.75, 39.90, P 值均<0.05)。Pearson 相关分析显示, 大学生电子健康素养及应用能力、评判能力、决 策能力 3 个维度与体质健康测试总分均呈正相关 ( r 值分别为 0.17, 0.18, 0.16, 0.19, P值均<0.01)。多元线性回归分析显 示, 在排除了性别、年级、参加户外运动频率的混杂因素后, 电子健康素养应用能力、评判能力、决策能力与体质健康测试总 分均呈正相关 ( β 值分别为 0.13, 0.12, 0.12, P值均<0.05)。 结论 大学生体质健康与电子健康素养有关, 促进大学生电子 健康素养水平有利于提高大学生体质健康状况。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2022
          01 July 2022
          : 43
          : 7
          : 990-994
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Health college of Dongguan Polytechnic, Dongguan (523110), Guangdong Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LU Biyan, E-mail: 270351279@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.07.008
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.07.008
          c693ca03-401c-49bc-a41c-34ef658fc9f9
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Body constitution,Students,Health promotion,Health education,Regression analysis

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