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Infectivity of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices under different conditions of temperature and humidity.

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Journal of helminthology

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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      Abstract

      The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different temperatures and humidities on the infectivity of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices. Eighteen dogs (6 groups, n = 3 each) were fed with offal mince harbouring approximately 20,000 protoscolices of E. granulosus of different viabilities. Dogs were infected with E. granulosus protoscolices of: (1) 5% viability at -10 degrees C and 50% relative humidity (RH); (2) 30% viability at 0 degrees C and 60% RH; (3) 20% viability at +10 degrees C and 65% RH; (4) 15% viability at +30 degrees C and 75% RH; (5) 11% viability at +40 degrees C and 80% RH; (6) 68% viability (control group). Dogs in each group were necropsied at 29-49 days post-infection. Mean intensities of E. granulosus recovered from dogs were 256.7 +/- 60.3 in the second group; 32.7 +/- 7.1 in the third group; 40.3 +/- 15.5 in the fourth group and 1533 +/- 513 in the control group. However, no parasites were recovered from the first and fifth groups. Results obtained in the present study show that larval stages could be infective for 1 to 4 weeks during spring, autumn or winter months when maximal temperatures are approximately 0-10 degrees C. In conclusion, cold-storage depots in slaughterhouses and abattoirs where sheep carcasses might be discarded should be kept at -20 degrees C for 2-3 days, dogs should be properly controlled and adequate control programmes must be established in areas where the disease is endemic.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] Parasitology Department, Uludag University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gorukle Campus, 16059 Bursa, Turkey. ihsandiker@uludag.edu.tr
      Journal
      J. Helminthol.
      Journal of helminthology
      Cambridge University Press (CUP)
      1475-2697
      0022-149X
      Dec 2008
      : 82
      : 4
      18519005
      S0022149X08995055
      10.1017/S0022149X08995055

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