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      Riqueza de aves en la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Abra Tanchipa en San Luis Potosí, México Translated title: Birds richness of Sierra del Abra Tanchipa Biosphere Reserve in San Luis Potosi, Mexico

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          Abstract

          Resumen El conocimiento de la biodiversidad en un área natural protegida es fundamental para el desarrollo de acciones para su manejo y conservación. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar los patrones de riqueza, categorías de endemismo, así como el estatus de conservación y vulnerabilidad de las aves en la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Abra Tanchipa, ubicada en el noreste del estado de San Luis Potosí, México. Se incluye la información generada por el programa de monitoreo comunitario de aves y otros esfuerzos de muestreo realizados en el área. Se desarrolló trabajo de campo con base en el método de censado de conteo por puntos, los cuales fueron establecidos a lo largo de transectos en el área de estudio. Se registraron 279 especies de aves pertenecientes a 23 órdenes y 54 familias, correspondiendo el mayor porcentaje a las especies residentes permanentes (64.16 %). Del total de especies reportadas, 37 se encuentran bajo alguna categoría de riesgo y 25 presentan alguna categoría de endemismo. El 54.12 % de las especies tienen afinidad neotropical, 26.88 % neártica y 19 % neártica/neotropical. Por otro lado, alrededor del 22.22 % de las aves registradas tienen un nivel de sensibilidad al disturbio de medio a alto, que puede incrementarse debido a los cambios en los hábitats generados por las actividades humanas en la zona de influencia de la reserva. Los monitores comunitarios aliados al programa contribuyeron significativamente en las actividades de campo y la difusión de las acciones orientadas al conocimiento de las aves en la reserva. Los datos obtenidos permiten actualizar la información en el programa de manejo del área natural protegida de la reserva, lo que favorecerá la conservación de las aves en la zona.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Knowledge about biodiversity in a natural protected area is essential for the development of actions for its management and conservation. The objective of this work was to determine the richness patterns, endemism categories, as well as the conservation and vulnerability status of birds in the Sierra del Abra Tanchipa Biosphere Reserve, located in the northeastern region of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The information generated by the community bird monitoring program and other sampling efforts in the area was included. Fieldwork was carried out based on the census method of counting by points established along transects in the study area. A total of 279 bird species belonging to 23 orders and 54 families were registered, of which the highest percentage are permanent resident species (64.16 %). Of the species recorded, 37 are under some risk category, and 25 species have some endemism category. 54.12 % of the species have a Neotropical affinity, 26.88 % a Nearctic one, and 19 % a Nearctic/Neotropical one. On the other hand, around 22.22 % of the registered birds have a medium to high sensitivity to disturbance, which may increase due to changes in habitats generated by human activities in the reserve’s area of influence. The community allies linked to the monitoring program contributed significantly to the field activities and the dissemination of the actions aimed at bird awareness in the reserve. The obtained data allow the updating of information in the management program of the natural protected area, which will favor the birds’ conservation in the zone.

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          Most cited references 76

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          Long-term datasets in biodiversity research and monitoring: assessing change in ecological communities through time.

          The growing need for baseline data against which efforts to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss can be judged highlights the importance of long-term datasets, some of which are as old as ecology itself. We review methods of evaluating change in biodiversity at the community level using these datasets, and contrast whole-community approaches with those that combine information from different species and habitats. As all communities experience temporal turnover, one of the biggest challenges is distinguishing change that can be attributed to external factors, such as anthropogenic activities, from underlying natural change. We also discuss methodological issues, such as false alerts and modifications in design, of which users of these data sets need to be aware. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            Entropy and diversity

             Lou Jost (2006)
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              Global patterns and predictors of bird species responses to forest fragmentation: Implications for ecosystem function and conservation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                cuat
                CienciaUAT
                CienciaUAT
                Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas (Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico )
                2007-7521
                2007-7858
                June 2021
                : 15
                : 2
                : 37-67
                Affiliations
                Zapopan orgnameUniversidad de Guadalajara orgdiv1Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas orgdiv2Departamento de Políticas Públicas Mexico
                Xalapa de Enríquez orgnameUniversidad Veracruzana orgdiv1Facultad de Biología Mexico
                Zapopan orgnameUniversidad de Guadalajara orgdiv1Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias orgdiv2Departamento de Ecología Mexico
                Article
                S2007-78582021000100037 S2007-7858(21)01500200037
                10.29059/cienciauat.v15i2.1439

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 77, Pages: 31
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Biología y Química

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