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      Atrial Involvement in Patients with Progressive Systemic Sclerosis: Relationship between Ultrasonic Tissue Characterization of the Atrium and Interatrial Conduction

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          Abstract

          Objective: The aim of this study was to assess atrial lesions using ultrasonic tissue characterization and to determine the contribution of atrial lesions to the interatrial electromechanical coupling conduction time in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS). Methods: Twenty patients with PSS and 20 age-matched healthy controls were evaluated. The cyclic variation in integrated backscatter value (CV-IB) was measured at the interatrial septum (IAS) from apical four chamber view. M-modes of ventricular long axis motion along with phono- and electrocardiograms were recorded simultaneously at the right lateral (RT) and left lateral (LT) sites of the atrioventricular (AV) rings and central fibrous body (CFB) in the apical four-chamber view. Intervals from the P wave on ECG to the echocardiographic onset of atrial contraction as a point of inflection in long axis M-mode echocardiogram were measured at the RT and LT sites of AV rings and CFB (P-RT, P-LT, P-SEP, respectively). Interatrial electromechanical coupling conduction time was determined as [(P-LT) – (P-RT)]. Results: In patients with PSS compared to normal controls, P-RT, P-SEP, P-LT, and interatrial conduction time were greater, while CV-IB in IAS decreased. Furthermore, CV-IB in IAS correlated well with interatrial conduction time (r = 0.7, p < 0.01) in patients with PSS. Conclusions: Interatrial electromechanical coupling times may be prolonged due to atrial tissue damage in patients with PSS.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1999
          August 1999
          06 August 1999
          : 91
          : 2
          : 134-139
          Affiliations
          aFirst Department of Internal Medicine and bDepartment of Clinico-Laboratory Diagnostics, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan
          Article
          6893 Cardiology 1999;91:134–139
          10.1159/000006893
          10449886
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, References: 28, Pages: 6
          Categories
          Diagnostic Cardiology

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