Five complete mitochondrial genomes of five species from the subfamily Agrilinae were sequenced and annotated, including Coraebus diminutus Gebhardt, 1928 (15,499 bp), Coraebus cloueti Théry, 1893 (15,514 bp), Meliboeus sinae Obenberger, 1935 (16,108 bp), Agrilus sichuanus Jendek, 2011 (16,521 bp), and Sambus femoralis Kerremans, 1892 (15,367 bp). These mitogenomes ranged from 15,367 to 16,521 bp in length and encoded 37 typical mitochondrial genes: 13 protein-coding genes (13 PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (2 rRNAs), 22 transfer RNA genes (22 tRNAs), and a control region (CR). Most of PCGs had typical ATN start codons and terminated with TAR or an incomplete stop codon T–. Among these five mitogenomes, Leu2, Ile, Phe, Ser2, Gly, Met, and Val were the seven most frequently encoded amino acids. Interestingly, in A. sichuanus , a 774 bp insertion was present at trnW and trnC junction, which is unusual in Buprestidae . Additionally, phylogenetic analyses were performed based on three kinds of nucleotide matrixes (13 PCGs, 2 rRNAs, and 13 PCGs + 2 rRNAs) using Bayesian inference and maximum-likelihood methods. The results showed that the clade of Buprestidae was well separated from outgroups and all Agrilinae species formed to a single highly supported clade. The tribe Coraebini was polyphyletic, as the genus Meliboeus ( Coraebini ) clustered with the genus Trachys ( Tracheini ). The rRNA genes had important impact for the tree topology of Agrilinae . Compared to the tribes Tracheini and Agrilini , the tribe Coraebini is a younger group.