Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Vascular Changes at the Prehypertensive Phase in the Mesenteric Arteries from Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Prehypertensive, Vascular changes, Hypertension, Mesenteric arteries

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Morphometric measurements of three categories of mesenteric vessels (representing elastic, muscular and arteriolar vessels) from prehypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were carried out at the light and electron microscope levels. Structural alterations of the blood vessels were already present in the SHR, even though the blood pressure was not yet elevated as compared with age-matched WKY. No change was found in the elastic vessels (superior mesenteric artery). Among the muscular arteries (i.e. large mesenteric arteries), the increase in vessel wall cross-sectional area was due to the increase in the intima, media and adventitia. Increase in media was due to hyperplasia of the smooth muscle cells. The smooth muscle cells were not hypertrophied. Nerve density was also higher in the large mesenteric arteries of SHR. In the arteriolar vessels (i.e. small mesenteric arteries), wall to lumen ratio, as well as media to lumen ratio, were increased in the SHR. The number of smooth muscle cell layers was also increased. In all these vessel types, the cross-sectional area of the lumen under maximal relaxation was similar between SHR and WKY, except in small mesenteric arteries where the lumen was smaller in the SHR. Our results suggest that structural alteration of the blood vessels at the prehypertensive phase may be one of the contributing factors leading to the development of hypertension in the SHR.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1985
          1985
          23 September 2008
          : 22
          : 3
          : 105-126
          Affiliations
          Department of Anaesthesia, McMaster University, Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, Canada
          Article
          158589 Blood Vessels 1985;22:105–126
          10.1159/000158589
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 22
          Categories
          Research Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article