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      Heat Shock Protein 47 in Renal Scarring

      a,b , b , a

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Heat shock protein 47, Collagen, Renal scarring

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          Abstract

          Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) is a collagen-binding protein, thought to play an essential mechanistic role in the assembly and processing of procollagens. HSP47 is increasingly being implicated in the pathogenesis of several human and experimental fibrotic diseases. HSP47 could mediate increased accumulation of collagens in the fibrotic mass, possibly by regulating increased assembly of procollagens. Therefore, modulation of HSP47 might be a valuable tool for manipulation of some fibrotic diseases, including renal scarring

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          Most cited references 2

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          Expression and function of heat shock protein 47: a collagen-specific molecular chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum.

          Heat shock protein (HSP) 47 is a collagen-binding stress protein localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In addition to stress-inducibility through heat shock element-heat shock factor interaction, the expression of HSP47 under normal conditions always correlates with that of collagens in various cell types and tissues. Both HSP47 and types I and III collagens are also dramatically induced under pathophysiological conditions such as liver fibrosis. HSP47 transiently associates with procollagen in the ER and dissociates from it in the cis-Golgi compartment. Possible functions of HSP47 as a molecular chaperone specific for procollagen are discussed: prevention of nascent procollagen chains from forming aggregates, effect on the modification of procollagen, inhibition of intracellular degradation of procollagen, quality control mechanisms under stress conditions, and effect on the secretion from the ER to the Golgi compartment.
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            Coexpression of Collagens and Collagen-Binding Heat Shock Protein 47 in Human Diabetic Nephropathy and IgA Nephropathy

            The mechanism of structural changes of the kidney in human diabetic nephropathy (DN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is not yet completely known, but excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), including various collagens, may be crucial to this process. Heat shock protein (HSP) 47 has been identified as collagen-binding stress protein, shown to have a specific role in the intracellular processing of procollagen molecules during collagen assembly. To determine whether increased deposition of collagens in human DN and IgAN is related to HSP47, we investigated the expression of HSP47 in renal biopsy and autopsy sections obtained from 22 DN and 45 IgAN patients. Five renal biopsy specimens, diagnosed as minor glomerular abnormalities, were simultaneously studied as controls. Monoclonal antibodies specific for HSP47, type III collagen and type IV collagen were used to assess the relative expression of their proteins in paraffin-embedded renal sections by immunohistochemistry. Increased deposition of collagens was closely related to the sclerotic activity of the disease process in DN and IgAN; increased deposition of collagens was often present in relation to a strong expression of HSP47, a stress protein known to regulate collagen synthesis/assembly. By double immunostaining, we found colocalization of collagens and their molecular chaperone HSP47 in the sclerotic glomeruli and tubulointerstitium in DN and IgAN. Our results strongly support a pathologic role for HSP47 in both these diseases and that increased levels of HSP47 may play an important role in the excessive assembly of collagens resulting in glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis found in DN and IgAN patients.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2000
              November 2000
              08 November 2000
              : 86
              : 3
              : 339-341
              Affiliations
              a2nd Department of Pathology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan; bDivision of Nephrology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pa., USA
              Article
              45790 Nephron 2000;86:339–341
              10.1159/000045790
              11096292
              © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              References: 26, Pages: 3
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45790
              Categories
              Hypothesis

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

              Heat shock protein 47, Renal scarring, Collagen

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