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      Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

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          Abstract

          Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. This article focuses on current guidelines for the primary prevention of CVD and addresses management of key risk factors. Dietary modification, weight loss, exercise, and tobacco use cessation are specific areas where focused efforts can successfully reduce CVD risk on both an individual and a societal level. Specific areas requiring management include dyslipidemia, hypertension, physical activity, diabetes, aspirin use, and alcohol intake. These preventive efforts have major public health implications. As the global population continues to grow, health care expenditures will also rise, with the potential to eventually overwhelm the health care system. Therefore it is imperative to apply our collective efforts on CVD prevention to improve the cardiovascular health of individuals, communities, and nations.

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          Most cited references 35

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          Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2016 Abridged for Primary Care Providers

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            Current cigarette smoking among adults — United States, 2005–2014

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              AHA guidelines for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and stroke: 2002 update: consensus panel guide to comprehensive risk reduction for adult patients without coronary or other atherosclerotic vascular diseases

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CVIA
                Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications
                CVIA
                Compuscript (Ireland )
                2009-8782
                2009-8618
                September 2016
                October 2016
                : 1
                : 4
                : 379-389
                Affiliations
                1Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
                2Department of Pharmacy, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USA
                3Department of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Danny J. Eapen, MD, Department of Medicine. Emory University, 5671 Peachtree Dunwoody Road, Suite 300, Atlanta, GA 30342, USA, Fax: +1-678-8436350, E-mail: deapen@ 123456emory.edu
                Article
                cvia20160032
                10.15212/CVIA.2016.0032
                Copyright © 2016 Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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