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      The Acquisition Path of [w]-final Plurals in Brazilian Portuguese

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          Abstract

          The plural of Brazilian Portuguese [w]-final nouns includes an alternation with [j], but the change is partially blocked in monosyllables and following a tense vowel ( Becker et al. 2017). In this paper, we present a nonce word study with 115 children ages 7–13 and 43 adults, all participants from the state of São Paulo, showing that blocking in monosyllables is acquired earlier than blocking by tense vowels. We claim that sensitivity to monosyllabicity and vowel tenseness are both due to universal phonological pressures, but the effect of vowel tenseness is learned more slowly because it is limited to the plural morphology in this language.

          Our results from nonce words are convergent with evidence from innovative plurals and loanword adaptation, showing the primacy of phonological factors over history, orthography, and lexical frequency when it comes to alternations and their acquisition.

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          Most cited references 18

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          Mid-vowel alternations in the Brazilian Portuguese verb

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            Vowel lenition and fortition in Brazilian Portuguese

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              Pretonic vowel reduction in Brazilian Portuguese: Harmony and dispersion [Frequency effects in mental representations]

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-5563
                Journal of Portuguese Linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-5563
                23 April 2018
                2018
                : 17
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Stony Brook University, US
                [2 ]Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, BR
                [3 ]University College London, UK
                [4 ]Universidade Estadual de Campinas, BR
                Article
                10.5334/jpl.189
                Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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