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Contribution of uniformly 13C-enriched sterigmatocystin to the study of its pulmonary metabolism.

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      Abstract

      Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites of filamentous fungi which can cause a wide range of systemic effects. Human health effects of inhaled mycotoxins remain poorly documented, despite the large amounts present, associated with air-borne particles. Among these mycotoxins, sterigmatocystin is one of the most prevalent. Because its chemical structure is close to that of the aflatoxins, we studied its metabolism and its cellular consequences when in contact with the airway epithelium, using the mass spectral signature from the 10% (13)C uniformly enriched sterigmatocystin. The metabolism was studied in vitro, using recombinant cytochrome P450s enzymes, and in porcine tracheal epithelial cell (PTEC) primary cultures at an air-liquid interface. The metabolites were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry detection. Expressed enzymes and PTECs were exposed to uniformly (13)C-enriched sterigmatocystin to confirm the relationship between sterigmatocystin and its metabolites because this isotopic cluster shape is conserved for all metabolites and their product ions. Incubation of sterigmatocystin with recombinant cytochrome P450 1A1 led to the formation of three metabolites identified as monohydroxysterigmatocystin, dihydroxysterigmatocystin and one glutathione adduct, the latter after the formation of a transient intermediate. In the PTEC cultures, sterigmatocystin metabolism resulted in a glucuro-conjugate. Two other products were detected, a sulfo-conjugate and a glucuro-conjugate of hydroxysterigmatocystin upon cytochrome P450 1A1 induction. This is the first study to report sterigmatocystin metabolism in airway epithelium, and it suggests that, contrary to the aflatoxins, sterigmatocystin is mainly detoxified into its conjugates and is unable to produce significant amounts of reactive metabolites in respiratory cells, at least in pigs.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] UMR BIPAR, U-PEC, AFSSA, ENVA, Faculté de Médecine, Créteil Cedex F-94010, France.
      Journal
      Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.
      Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM
      1097-0231
      0951-4198
      Oct 15 2011
      : 25
      : 19
      21913247 10.1002/rcm.5068
      Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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