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      Global Health Impacts of Dust Storms: A Systematic Review


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          Dust storms and their impacts on health are becoming a major public health issue. The current study examines the health impacts of dust storms around the world to provide an overview of this issue.


          In this systematic review, 140 relevant and authoritative English articles on the impacts of dust storms on health (up to September 2019) were identified and extracted from 28 968 articles using valid keywords from various databases (PubMed, WOS, EMBASE, and Scopus) and multiple screening steps. Selected papers were then qualitatively examined and evaluated. Evaluation results were summarized using an Extraction Table.


          The results of the study are divided into two parts: short and long-term impacts of dust storms. Short-term impacts include mortality, visitation, emergency medical dispatch, hospitalization, increased symptoms, and decreased pulmonary function. Long-term impacts include pregnancy, cognitive difficulties, and birth problems. Additionally, this study shows that dust storms have devastating impacts on health, affecting cardiovascular and respiratory health in particular.


          The findings of this study show that dust storms have significant public health impacts. More attention should be paid to these natural hazards to prepare for, respond to, and mitigate these hazardous events to reduce their negative health impacts.

          Registration: PROSPERO registration number CRD42018093325

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          Most cited references175

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          Dust cycle: An emerging core theme in Earth system science

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            Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007.

            Extreme air pollution events due to bushfire smoke and dust storms are expected to increase as a consequence of climate change, yet little has been published about their population health impacts. We examined the association between air pollution events and mortality in Sydney from 1997 to 2004. Events were defined as days for which the 24h city-wide concentration of PM(10) exceeded the 99th percentile. All events were researched and categorised as being caused by either smoke or dust. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design with conditional logistic regression modelling adjusted for influenza epidemics, same day and lagged temperature and humidity. Reported odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals are for mortality on event days compared with non-event days. The contribution of elevated average temperatures to mortality during smoke events was explored. There were 52 event days, 48 attributable to bushfire smoke, six to dust and two affected by both. Smoke events were associated with a 5% increase in non-accidental mortality at a lag of 1 day OR (95% confidence interval (CI)) 1.05 (95%CI: 1.00-1.10). When same day temperature was removed from the model, additional same day associations were observed with non-accidental mortality OR 1.05 (95%CI: 1.00-1.09), and with cardiovascular mortality OR (95%CI) 1.10 (95%CI: 1.00-1.20). Dust events were associated with a 15% increase in non-accidental mortality at a lag of 3 days, OR (95%CI) 1.16 (95%CI: 1.03-1.30). The magnitude and temporal patterns of association with mortality were different for smoke and dust events. Public health advisories during bushfire smoke pollution episodes should include advice about hot weather in addition to air pollution. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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              The impact of transpacific transport of mineral dust in the United States


                Author and article information

                Environ Health Insights
                Environ Health Insights
                Environmental Health Insights
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                24 May 2021
                : 15
                [1 ]Department of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
                [2 ]Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
                [3 ]Department of Nursing and Emergency, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
                [4 ]Disaster and Emergency Management, School of Administrative Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada
                [5 ]Department of Climatology, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
                [6 ]Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
                [7 ]UCL Bartlett Development Planning Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK
                Author notes
                [*]Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh, Department of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poorsina Avenue, Tehran, Iran. Email: ostadtaghizadeh@ 123456gmail.com
                © The Author(s) 2021

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                Custom metadata
                XX 2021

                Public health
                air quality,desert dust,dust storm,health,pm10
                Public health
                air quality, desert dust, dust storm, health, pm10


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