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      BARRERAS PARA SALIR DE LA VIOLENCIA DE GÉNERO EN RELACIONES DE PAREJA: PERCEPCIÓN DESDE LAS DEFENSORÍAS DE LAS MUJERES Translated title: BARRIERS TO ESCAPING GENDER VIOLENCE IN RELATIONSHIPS: PERCEPTION FROM WOMEN'S OMBUDSMEN

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          Abstract

          Resumen En este artículo se caracterizan los factores que obstaculizan a la mujer el salir de la violencia en las relaciones de pareja, a partir de la experiencia del personal técnico (abogados/ as, psicólogos/as y trabajadores sociales) de las defensorías de la mujer (públicas y privadas) de la ciudad de Sucre (Bolivia). Se utilizó para ello metodología cualitativa, en concreto, se aplicó la técnica de entrevista en profundidad para la recolección de la información, y se analizaron los discursos utilizando el programa NVIV012. Las barreras, a percepción de informantes clave, pueden clasificarse en 4 categorías, a saber: a) El sistema patriarcal que, en sus instituciones, ejercen la violencia estructural y reproducen formas de discriminación y re victimización hacia las mujeres que denuncian hechos de violencia; b) El machismo, que está presente en todas las formas de relación y naturaliza la violencia; c) La dependencia económica y emocional que presentan las mujeres hacia sus agresores y d) La inexistencia de redes sociales y familiares de apoyo efectivo para mujeres que viven en situación de violencia. Todos ellos son factores que obstaculizan a la mujer para que salga de la relación abusiva, y contribuyen a perpetuar una cultura de inequidad y naturalización de la violencia.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract This article characterizes hindering factors against women when escaping violence in partner relationships, based on the experience of technical staff (lawyers, psychologists and social workers) of ombudsmen for women (public and prívate) of the city of Sucre (Bolivia). This study followed a qualitative methodology, specifically, the in-depth interview technique to collect information, and speeches were analyzed using the NVIV012 program. Barriere, as perceived by key informants, can be classified into 4 categories, namely: a) The patriarchal system that, in its institutions, practices structural violence and reproduces forms of discrimination and re-victimization against women who report acts of violence; b) Machismo, which is present in all forms of relationships and naturalizes violence; c) The economic and emotional dependence that women have towards their aggressors and d) Lack of family and social networks for effective support to women who live in violence situations. All of these factors are obstacles encountered towards women in the effort to escaping abusive relationship, and contribute to perpetúate a culture of inequity and naturalization of violence. Likewise, they tend to perpetúate a culture of inequity and naturalization of violence.

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          Most cited references36

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          Towards a feminist understanding of intersecting violence against women and children in the family

          While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming. We explore shared perceptions and experiences of IPV and VAC using qualitative data collected in December 2015 from adults and children in Kampala, Uganda (n = 106). We find that the patriarchal family structure creates an environment that normalizes many forms of violence, simultaneously infantilizing women and reinforcing their subordination (alongside children). Based on participant experiences, we identify four potential patterns that suggest how IPV and VAC not only co-occur, but more profoundly intersect within the family, triggering cycles of emotional and physical abuse: bystander trauma, negative role modeling, protection and further victimization, and displaced aggression. The discussion is situated within a feminist analysis, including careful consideration of maternal violence and an emphasis on the ways in which gender and power dynamics can coalesce and contribute to intra-family violence.
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            The battered woman syndrome: Effects of severity and intermittency of abuse.

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              Mental Health Consequences and Risk Factors of Physical Intimate Partner Violence

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rcti
                Revista Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
                Rev. Cien. Tec. In.
                Universidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca (Chuquisaca, , Bolivia )
                2225-8787
                December 2021
                : 19
                : 24
                : 71-86
                Affiliations
                [01] orgnameUniversidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca choque.ivonne@ 123456usfx.bo
                Article
                S2225-87872021000200006 S2225-8787(21)01902400006
                c87603eb-a6f1-4354-bd8f-cb051e1e3dce

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 22 July 2021
                : 07 October 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 36, Pages: 16
                Product

                SciELO Bolivia

                Categories
                ARTICULO

                protección,Derechos Humanos,redes de apoyo,violencia de género,Sistema patriarcal,protection,Human Rights,support networks,gender violence,Patriarchal system

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