+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Scope of Vasodilatory Effects of Calcium Antagonists

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Specific Ca antagonists of the verapamil, nifedipine, and diltiazem type have become the drugs of choice in the therapy of cardiac hyperkinetic disorders and of vascular hypertonicity (spasms). The specific mechanism of vasodilatation by Ca antagonists was substantiated by electrophysiological, radionuclear and mechanical measurements on rather different types of arterial vasculature, including the systemic resistance vessels, as well as on portal veins. The results indicate that the vasodilator efficacy of these Ca antagonists is mainly based on at least three components: (1) Suppression of the generation of Ca-carried membrane spike potentials; (2) decrease of direct transmembrane supply of activator Ca through potential- or receptor-operated membrane channels, and (3) interference with Ca-triggered intracellular Ca release in an indirect way, in that Ca antagonists block the influx of small amounts of trigger Ca or produce depletion of intracellular Ca stores. In any case, contractile activation practically ceases if transmembrane Ca supply is totally cut off upon addition of Ca antagonists to a Ca-deficient medium.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          J Vasc Res
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 2-5
          : 319-332
          Study Group for Calcium Antagonism, Physiological Institute, University of Freiburg, FRG
          158825 Blood Vessels 1990;27:319–332
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 14
          Mechanisms of Vasodilatation


          Comment on this article