Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of HIV/AIDS infected students in Shandong Province, to provide a basis for the prevention and control of AIDS transmission in the student population.
Methods All 863 HIV/AIDS students cases during 2010-2019 were collected in Shandong Province. Epidemiological characteristics was described and the trends in the 10 years since 2010 was analyzed.
Results These 863 HIV/AIDS students were mainly transmitted through homosexual sex (763 cases, 88.41%), and the samples were mainly from voluntary consultation testing (433 cases, 50.17%). From 2010 to 2019, the proportion of student cases in the total number of cases showed an increasing trend (χ 2 trend = 30.21, P<0.01). Among them, the proportion of homosexual transmission cases increased year by year (χ 2 trend = 6.35, P = 0.01), the proportion of cases aged 18-22 years increased year by year (χ 2 trend = 6.10, P = 0.01), the proportion of cases with college degree or above increased year by year (χ 2 trend = 4.26, P = 0.04). At present, voluntary consultation testing were the main source.There was no significant difference between the years of sample sources (χ 2 trend = 2.97, P = 0.09).
Conclusion The report number of students in Shandong Province are on the rise in recent years, especially those infected by same-sex transmission, mainly with high education background, which calls for targeted strategies and intervention measures.
【摘要】 目的 分析 2010—2019 年山东省学生艾滋病病毒 (HIV) 感染者和艾滋病 (AIDS) 病例的流行特征, 为防控艾滋 病在学生群体传播提供依据。 方法 收集 2010—2019 年山东省报告职业为学生的863 例HIV感染者和AIDS患者的流行 病学调査资料, 对流行趋势进行分析。 结果 863例学生HIV/AIDS中, 主要经同性性传播 (763例, 88.41%), 样本来源以 检测咨询(433例, 50.17%)为主要发现途径。2010—2019年报告的学生病例占总病例数比例有增长趋势(χ 2 趋势 = 30.21, P<0.01)。同性性传播病例有逐年增长趋势(χ 2 趋势 = 6.35, P = 0.01), 18~22岁病例占比呈逐年增长趋势 (χ 2 趋势 = 6.10, P = 0.01), 大专及以上学历病例占比呈逐年增长趋势 (χ 2 趋势 = 4.26, P = 0.04), 目前报告来源以检测咨询为主, 样本来源年份间差异无 统计学意义 (χ 2 趋势 = 2.97, P = 0.09)。 结论 山东省学生病例报告呈逐年上升趋势, 尤其以同性性传播途径为主, 以髙学历 为主, 应针对这些特征采取干预措施。