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      Aspects on Feed Related Prophylactic Measures Aiming to Prevent Post Weaning Diarrhoea in Pigs

      , 1 , 2 , 1 , 2

      Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

      BioMed Central

      E. coli, lactose, zinc oxide, probiotic, prevention.

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          The ability of feed related measures to prevent or reduce post weaning diarrhoea (PWD) was examined in a split litter study including 30 pigs from 6 litters allotted into 5 groups. Four groups were exposed to 3 pathogenic strains of E. coli via the environment at weaning. Three of them were given zinc oxide, lactose+fibres or non-pathogenic strains of E. coli as probiotics. The challenged and the unchallenged control groups were given a standard creep feed. Diarrhoea was observed in all challenged groups but not among uninfected animals, and the incidence of diarrhoea was lower in the group given non-pathogenic E. coli compared to all other challenged groups. The severity of PWD also differed between litters. When corrected for mortality due to PWD, a decreased incidence of diarrhoea was also seen in the groups given zinc oxide or lactose+fibres. The dominating serotype of E. coli within faecal samples varied from day to day, also among diarrhoeic pigs, indicating that diarrhoea was not induced by one single serotype alone. The diversity of the faecal coliform populations decreased in all piglets during the first week post weaning, coinciding with an increased similarity between these populations among pigs in the challenged groups. This indicated an influence of the challenge strains, which ceased during the second week. The group given lactose+fibres was least affected with respect to these parameters. In conclusion feed related measures may alleviate symptoms of PWD.

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            The effect of probiotic LSP 122 on the control of post-weaning diarrhoea syndrome of piglets.

            Post-weaning diarrhoea syndrome (PWDS) of piglets is caused mainly by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains. A new in-feed probiotic, LSP 122 (Alpharma), containing viable spores of Bacillus licheniformis was tested for its efficacy to control PWDS in piglets in a low health-status farm, using four groups with a total of 256 weaned piglets for a 28-day period. One group (negative control) was offered antimicrobial-free and probiotics-free fed, one group was offered feed supplemented with 10(6)viable spores of Bacillus toyoi (Toyocerin(R)) per gram of feed and two groups were offered feed supplemented with 10(6)and 10(7)viable spores of B. licheniformis per gram of feed, respectively, and were compared with regard to the appearance of clinical signs, mortality, weight gain and feed conversion. The results showed that all groups supplemented with probiotics exhibited a reduced incidence and severity of diarrhoea. Mortality in all probiotic supplemented pigs was significantly lower compared with the negative control group (P<0.05). The evaluation of the weight gain data, as well as feed conversion ratio, indicated that the three treated groups performed remarkably better than the negative control group (P<0.05) and the group receiving the high inclusion of LSP 122 performed better than the two other groups receiving probiotics (P<0.05). No ETEC strains were detected on day 22 in the high inclusion of LSP 122 and Toyocerin groups as compared with the untreated control. It was concluded that the high dosage schedule of LSP 122, providing 10(7)viable spores of B. licheniformis per g of feed, is a very useful agent for the control of PWDS due to ETEC. Copyright 1999 Harcourt Publishers Limited.
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              The effect of zinc oxide supplementation on the stability of the intestinal flora with special reference to composition of coliforms in weaned pigs.

              The effect of a dietary supplementation of zinc oxide (ZnO) on the stability of the intestinal flora and on the composition of coliforms in weaned pigs was investigated. Faecal floras were characterized by their metabolic activities and fermentative capacity (FC) using the Phene Plate generalized microplate. Coliforms were characterized by conventional enumeration and by the Phene Plate-RS plates. The latter measured FC, phenotypic diversity, persistence of each coliform strain in piglets, and similarity among the coliform populations within groups. From weaning onwards, the control pigs (n = 5) were fed a basal diet ad libitum, while experimental pigs (n = 5) were given the same food supplemented with 2500 ppm ZnO. Metabolic fingerprinting of faecal floras indicated marked differences between the composition of floras of treated and control pigs during the first 2 weeks post-weaning. The FC of faecal flora in both groups decreased as pigs aged, but it was significantly (P

                Author and article information

                Acta Vet Scand
                Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
                BioMed Central (London )
                31 December 2002
                : 43
                : 4
                : 231-245
                [1 ]Department of Ruminant and Porcine Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
                [2 ]Department of Large Animal Clinical sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
                Original Article

                Veterinary medicine

                prevention., zinc oxide, e. coli, lactose, probiotic


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