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      Enhancing Effect of Intracerebrally Infused β-Endorphin Antiserum on the Secretion of Cortisol in Foot-Shocked Sheep

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          Abstract

          It was found in our earlier experiments that infusion of β-endorphin (β-End) into the 3rd brain ventricle in sheep elicited a differential effect on the secretion of cortisol under physiological and stress conditions. Under physiological conditions it elevated the level of cortisol in the peripheral blood, while in stressed animals it suppressed it. To obtain further support for the suppressive action of β-End on cortisol secretion under stress conditions a β-End antiserum was infused into the 3rd ventricle of the brain in stressed and nonstressed sheep and the concentration of plasma cortisol was measured. Stress was induced by mild electric foot shock. Infusion of the β-End antiserum during stimulation enhanced the plasma cortisol values, when compared with those obtained during the infusion of rabbit hyperimmune serum containing anti-guinea pig γ-globulins or saline. Moreover, during the infusion of β-End antiserum some aggravation of stress symptoms expressed by the increase of restlessness and higher frequency of defecations and urinations was observed. Additional experiments carried out to study the effect of β-End on prolactin (PRL) secretion showed that this opioid induced a very high secretion of PRL in stressed animals. On the basis of these data and the known suppressive action of PRL on the corticosterone response to stress in the rat, we suggest that the suppressive action of β-End on cortisol secretion in stressed sheep could be caused by the action of PRL. Conversely, blockade of β-End function by the infusion of β-End antiserum and suppression of PRL secretion could enhance secretion of cortisol and aggravate stress symptoms in stimulated sheep.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1993
          1993
          08 April 2008
          : 57
          : 1
          : 127-131
          Affiliations
          aInstitute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jablonna, Poland; bUnité de Neurobiologie de la Reproduction INRA-CNRS, Jouy-en-Josas, France
          Article
          126351 Neuroendocrinology 1993;57:127–131
          10.1159/000126351
          8479608
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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