19
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Effect of exercise prescription and mobile APP for health education on the physical self-esteem, and mental health among female college students

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective To explore the influence of exercise prescription and mobile APP for health education on the physical self-esteem and mental health among female college students, and to provide a reference for improving the level of their mental health.

          Methods A stratified random cluster sampling survey was conducted in Tongren university among female freshmen and junior students. Physical Self-esteem Scale and the SCL–90 Scale were used before and after a 4-month exercise prescription and mobile APP for health education among 233 female college students.

          Results After intervention, the intervention group had significant higher scores in physical status (14. 82±2. 37), physical quality (14. 36±2. 42), motor skill (14. 11±2. 54), bodily appealing (15. 33±2. 86) and physical self-worth (15. 58±2. 72) compared with the control group ( t = 4. 87, 4. 51, 4. 65, 4. 67, 4. 10, P< 0. 05). Somatization symptom (1. 37±0. 35), interpersonal sensitivity (1. 73±0. 49), depression (1. 67±0. 49) and anxiety (1. 47± 0. 46) was significantly improved in the intervention group ( t = 2. 01, 2. 01, 2. 12, 2. 08, P<0. 05). Body mass index (BMI) (22. 38±2. 82) kg/m 2 of the intervention group was lower than the control group (23. 57±3. 08) kg/m 2 ( t = 4. 40, P<0. 05). The intervention group reported longer exercise duration (1. 66±0. 81) and exercise time (3. 61±1. 74) compared with the control group ( t =−4. 66, −5. 28, P<0. 01).

          Conclusion The exercise prescription and mobile APP for health education can improve physical self-esteem and mental health, reduce sedentary behavior and increase the exercise duration and exercise time among female college students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨运动处方锻炼和手机 APP 健康教育对女大学生身体自尊及心理健康的影响, 为提高女大学生心 理健康水平提供参考。 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法, 采用身体自尊量表和心理健康量表, 对铜仁市某高校大一到大 三 233 名女大学生开展为期 4 个月的运动处方锻炼和手机 APP 健康教育干预, 选取对照组女大学生 246 名进行干预效果 评价。 结果 干预后, 干预组女大学生的身体状况 (14.82±2.37)、身体素质 (14.36±2.42)、运动技能 (14.11±2.54)、身体吸 引力 (15.33±2.86)、身体自我价值感 (15.58±2.72) 等维度得分均高于对照组 ( t 值分别为 4.87, 4.51, 4.65, 4.67, 4.10, P 值均 <0.01); 干预组女大学生的躯体化 (1.37±0.35)、人际关系敏感 (1.73±0.49)、抑郁 (1.67±0.49)、焦虑 (1.47±0.46) 等 4 项指 标较对照组改善较为明显 ( t 值分别为 2.01, 2.01, 2.12, 2.08, P 值均<0.05); 干预组女大学生的 BMI [(22.38±2.82) kg/m 2] 低于对照组 [(23.57±3.08) kg/m 2] ( t = 4.40, P<0.05), 每次锻炼时间 [(1.66±0.81) h] 和每周锻炼次数 [(3.61± 1.74)次] 均 高于对照组 ( t 值分别为 −4.66, −5.28, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 运动处方锻炼和手机 APP 健康教育能提高女大学生身体自 尊和心理健康水平, 增加锻炼次数和锻炼时间。

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 October 2019
          01 February 2020
          : 40
          : 10
          : 1503-1505
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Sports and Health Science, Tongren University, Tongren (554300), Guizhou Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LONG Li, E-mail: 250967952@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.10.018
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.10.018
          c8bff636-df83-416b-a29c-ccb642f14dc3
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Motor activity,Female,Students,Mental health,Cellular phone,Health education

          Comments

          Comment on this article