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      Estimating the global cancer incidence and mortality in 2018: GLOBOCAN sources and methods

      1 , 1 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 1 , 1 , 1

      International Journal of Cancer

      Wiley

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          Estimation of the global burden of mesothelioma deaths from incomplete national mortality data

          Background Mesothelioma is increasingly recognised as a global health issue and the assessment of its global burden is warranted. Objectives To descriptively analyse national mortality data and to use reported and estimated data to calculate the global burden of mesothelioma deaths. Methods For the study period of 1994 to 2014, we grouped 230 countries into 59 countries with quality mesothelioma mortality data suitable to be used for reference rates, 45 countries with poor quality data and 126 countries with no data, based on the availability of data in the WHO Mortality Database. To estimate global deaths, we extrapolated the gender-specific and age-specific mortality rates of the countries with quality data to all other countries. Results The global numbers and rates of mesothelioma deaths have increased over time. The 59 countries with quality data recorded 15 011 mesothelioma deaths per year over the 3 most recent years with available data (equivalent to 9.9 deaths per million per year). From these reference data, we extrapolated the global mesothelioma deaths to be 38 400 per year, based on extrapolations for asbestos use. Conclusions Although the validity of our extrapolation method depends on the adequate identification of quality mesothelioma data and appropriate adjustment for other variables, our estimates can be updated, refined and verified because they are based on commonly accessible data and are derived using a straightforward algorithm. Our estimates are within the range of previously reported values but higher than the most recently reported values.
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            Incidence and prevalence of non-melanoma skin cancer in Australia: A systematic review.

            Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is the most common cancer occurring in people with fair skin. Australia has been reported to have the highest incidence of NMSC in the world. Using a systematic search of the literature in EMBASE and Medline, we identified 21 studies that investigated the incidence or prevalence of NMSC in Australia. Studies published between 1948 and 2011 were identified and included in the analysis. There were six studies that were conducted on national level, two at state level and 13 at the regional level. Overall, the incidence of NMSC had steadily increased over calendar-years in Australia. The incidence of NMSC per 100,000 person-years was estimated to be 555 in 1985; 977 in 1990; 1109 in 1995; 1170 in 2002 and 2448 in 2011. The incidence was higher for men than women and higher for BCC than SCC. Incidence varied across the states of Australia, with the highest in Queensland. The prevalence of NMSC was estimated to be 2% in Australia in 2002. The incidence and prevalence of NMSC still need to be accurately established at both national and state levels to determine the costs and burden of the disease on the public health system in Australia.
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              Cancer Incidence in Five Continents

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                International Journal of Cancer
                Int. J. Cancer
                Wiley
                0020-7136
                1097-0215
                December 06 2018
                December 06 2018
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Section of Cancer SurveillanceInternational Agency for Research on Cancer Lyon Cedex, 08 France
                [2 ]Mortality and Health AnalysisWorld Health Organization Geneva Switzerland
                [3 ]Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies UnitUniversity of Oxford Oxford United Kingdom
                Article
                10.1002/ijc.31937
                © 2018

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