This study aimed to investigate the role of miRNA-339-5p in pancreatic cancer cell invasion and migration.
The differences between exosomal miRNAs of PANC02 and PANC02-H7 were studied by microarray analysis. We measured miRNA-339-5p expression in different groups; differences in cell invasion and migration were evaluated using the Transwell and wound healing assays and expression of relative proteins (E-cadherin, vimentin and ZNF689) was measured by WB assay. The correlation between miRNA-339-5p and ZNF689 expression was evaluated by luciferase reporter gene assay.
Compared with PANC02 exosome, microarray analysis indicated that miRNA-339-5p mRNA expression was significantly suppressed (P<0.001) in the PANC02-H7 exosome. Supplementation with miR-339-5p mimics led to a significant decrease in the invasion cell number and wound healing rate (P<0.001), with significantly enhanced E-cadherin expression and suppressed vimentin expression (P<0.001). However, transfection of a miR-339-5p inhibitor led to a significant increase in the invasion cell number and wound healing rate (P<0.001), with significantly suppressed E-cadherin expression and increased vimentin expression (P<0.001). Luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated ZNF689 gene to be the target of miR-339-5p in the PANC02-H7 cell. With miR-339-5p and ZNF689 transfection, the invasion cell number and wound healing rate were significantly increased compared with those in the miR-339-5p group (P<0.001), with significantly increased expression of ZNF689 and vimentin and suppressed E-cadherin expression (P<0.001).