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      (BEDT‐TTF) 2Cu 2(HCOO) 5: An Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Conducting Magnet

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          Abstract

          A dual‐functional organic–inorganic hybrid (BEDT‐TTF) 2Cu 2(HCOO) 5 ( 1) (BEDT‐TTF=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) was obtained through the electrochemical oxidation of neutral BEDT‐TTF in the presence of an ammonium salt of the one‐dimensional copper‐formate framework [(C 2H 5) 3NH] 2Cu 2(HCOO) 5 in a C 6H 5Cl–C 2H 5OH solution. Compound  1 was composed of organic donor BEDT‐TTF +05 in a θ‐phase arrangement and Jahn–Teller distorted (4,4) grid anion sheets [Cu 2(HCOO) 5 ] n with S=1/2. We identified the material as a semiconductor with values of σ 300K=10 −1 S cm −1. The anion sheet is a coordination isomer of [Cu 2(HCOO) 5 ] n and, compared with the starting material, shows antiferromagnetic behavior as the well‐known inorganic Cu−O, Co−O square layers for creating inorganic conducting magnets. Long‐range antiferromagnetic ordering was observed at 8.0 K.

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          Most cited references 40

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          Iron-based layered superconductor La[O(1-x)F(x)]FeAs (x = 0.05-0.12) with T(c) = 26 K.

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            Superconductivity in two-dimensional CoO2 layers.

            Since the discovery of high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductivity in layered copper oxides, many researchers have searched for similar behaviour in other layered metal oxides involving 3d-transition metals, such as cobalt and nickel. Such attempts have so far failed, with the result that the copper oxide layer is thought to be essential for superconductivity. Here we report that Na(x)CoO2*yH2O (x approximately 0.35, y approximately 1.3) is a superconductor with a T(c) of about 5 K. This compound consists of two-dimensional CoO2 layers separated by a thick insulating layer of Na+ ions and H2O molecules. There is a marked resemblance in superconducting properties between the present material and high-T(c) copper oxides, suggesting that the two systems have similar underlying physics.
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              Coexistence of ferromagnetism and metallic conductivity in a molecule-based layered compound.

              Crystal engineering--the planning and construction of crystalline supramolecular architectures from modular building blocks--permits the rational design of functional molecular materials that exhibit technologically useful behaviour such as conductivity and superconductivity, ferromagnetism and nonlinear optical properties. Because the presence of two cooperative properties in the same crystal lattice might result in new physical phenomena and novel applications, a particularly attractive goal is the design of molecular materials with two properties that are difficult or impossible to combine in a conventional inorganic solid with a continuous lattice. A promising strategy for creating this type of 'bi-functionality' targets hybrid organic/inorganic crystals comprising two functional sub-lattices exhibiting distinct properties. In this way, the organic pi-electron donor bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) and its derivatives, which form the basis of most known molecular conductors and superconductors, have been combined with molecular magnetic anions, yielding predominantly materials with conventional semiconducting or conducting properties, but also systems that are both superconducting and paramagnetic. But interesting bulk magnetic properties fail to develop, owing to the discrete nature of the inorganic anions. Another strategy for achieving cooperative magnetism involves insertion of functional bulky cations into a polymeric magnetic anion, such as the bimetallic oxalato complex [MnIICrIII(C2O4)3]-, but only insoluble powders have been obtained in most cases. Here we report the synthesis of single crystals formed by infinite sheets of this magnetic coordination polymer interleaved with layers of conducting BEDT-TTF cations, and show that this molecule-based compound displays ferromagnetism and metallic conductivity.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                zhangbin@iccas.ac.cn
                zhudb@iccas.ac.cn
                Journal
                ChemistryOpen
                ChemistryOpen
                10.1002/(ISSN)2191-1363
                OPEN
                ChemistryOpen
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                2191-1363
                19 April 2017
                June 2017
                : 6
                : 3 ( doiID: 10.1002/open.v6.3 )
                : 320-324
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Organic Solid Laboratory, CAS Research/Education Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, CMS & BNLMS, Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100190P.R. China
                [ 2 ] Institute of Condensed Matter and Material Physics, School of PhysicsPeking University Beijing 100871P.R. China
                [ 3 ] BNLMS, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P.R. China)
                [ 4 ] Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High-Energy PhysicsChinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100047P.R. China
                [ 5 ] CMS & BNLMS, Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100190P.R. China
                [ 6 ] CAS Key Laboratory of Standardization and Measurement for NanotechnologyNational Center for Nanoscience and Technology Beijing 100190P.R. China
                Article
                OPEN201700041
                10.1002/open.201700041
                5474655
                © 2017 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

                This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 0, References: 54, Pages: 5, Words: 0
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: National Natural Science Foundation of China
                Award ID: 21573242
                Award ID: 21173230
                Funded by: XDB
                Award ID: 12030100
                Funded by: 973
                Award ID: 2013CB933402
                Categories
                Communication
                Communications
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                open201700041
                June 2017
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_NLMPMC version:5.1.1 mode:remove_FC converted:19.06.2017

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