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      Effects of Chemical Sympathectomy on Angiotensin II-Induced Neointimal Growth in the Balloon-Injured Rat Carotid Artery

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          Abstract

          To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in angiotensin II (AngII)-stimulated medial and neointimal smooth muscle cell (SMC) replication, we sympathectomized rats with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in which the left carotid artery was injured by a balloon catheter. Balloon injury is associated with a loss of specific [<sup>3</sup>H]-prazosin binding. AngII (250 ng/kg/min), infused 2 weeks after balloon injury of the rat left carotid artery, increased systolic blood pressure by approximately 70 mm Hg. There was no effect of 6-OHDA on this pressor response. AngII increased the cumulative 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling fraction (LF) in the uninjured right carotid media and the injured left carotid neointima as compared to controls (5.7 ± 1.6% vs. 0.4 ± 0.1%, p < 0.05; 10.6 ± 0.9% vs. 5.0 ± 0.8%, p < 0.05, respectively). 6-OHDA decreased the AngII-induced increase in LF in the media of the uninjured right carotid artery (AngII/6-OHDA 0.9 ± 0.2% vs. AngII 5.7 ± 1.6%, p < 0.05). 6-OHDA did not decrease the AngII-induced increase in LF in both the injured left carotid media and neointima at 4 weeks after balloon injury. The effects of chemical sympathectomy were comparable with those obtained 12 weeks after balloon injury. Thus, the data show that the sympathetic nervous system mediates the AngII-induced increase in SMC DNA synthesis, but only in the uninjured carotid media. This indicates a differential regulation of AngII-induced SMC replication in injured and uninjured vessels.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1998
          April 1998
          16 April 1998
          : 35
          : 2
          : 124-133
          Affiliations
          Departments of a Pathology and b Pharmacology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Universiteit Maastricht, The Netherlands
          Article
          25574 J Vasc Res 1998;35:124–133
          10.1159/000025574
          9588876
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 43, Pages: 10
          Categories
          Research Paper

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