The synthesis of a RAFT-mediated Pickering emulsion was firstly achieved by using cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) grafted with a random copolymer as the stabilizer. Firstly, poly(acrylonitrile- r-butyl acrylate) (poly(AN- r-nBA)) was synthesized by Cu(0)-mediated CRP, which was further modified via a click chemistry strategy to obtain poly(ethylene tetrazole- r-butyl acrylate) (poly(VT- r-nBA)). Then, poly(VT- r-nBA) was grafted onto the CNCs through a Mitsunobu reaction to obtain poly(VT- r-nBA)- g-CNCs. Stabilized by poly(VT- r-nBA)- g-CNCs, an O/W RAFT-mediated Pickering emulsion was formed for the preparation of well-controlled poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) particles with water-soluble potassium persulfate (KPS) as an initiator and oil-soluble 4-cyanopentanoic acid dithiobenzoate (CPADB) as a chain transfer agent. Rheological analysis suggested that the prepared Pickering emulsion possessed good stability under the influences of changes in strain, time, frequency and temperature. Furthermore, the recycling and further utilization of the poly(VT- r-nBA)- g-CNCs could be simply realized through centrifugal separation.
A RAFT-mediated Pickering emulsion with cellulose nanocrystals grafted with a random copolymer was used for the preparation of poly(methyl methacrylate) particles..