Tricheilostoma salgueiroi occurs in northeastern and southeastern Brazil, in the states of Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. We collected one adult male of this species at Lagoa de Cima, municipality of Campos dos Goytacazes, state of Rio de Janeiro. This new locality is ca. 40 km SE from the closest known locality of the species and corresponds to its easternmost locality in the state of Rio de Janeiro. We additionally correct a previous distribution report, placing the locality of Cambuci, Rio de Janeiro, under correct geographic coordinates.