0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      A case at crossroads—urological presentation, cardiac complication and haematological diagnosis: should imaging be pursued prior to orchidectomy at all costs?

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          ABSTRACT

          This case report explores the interesting case of a 71-year-old gentleman who presented with a testicular lump following trauma. Ultrasound imaging of the testicle demonstrated malignancy and subsequently orchidectomy was listed. Due to a scheduling difficulty, this was prioritized ahead of his whole-body computed tomography scan. Intraoperatively, he developed electrocardiogram changes suggestive of a non-ST elevated myocardial infarction. Post-operative imaging demonstrated a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma encroaching the heart and greater vessels. This case report highlights the importance of preoperative imaging, even where it may prove challenging. We assess the adequacy of current guidelines within the UK on imaging for new testicular malignancies.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 8

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Recommendations for initial evaluation, staging, and response assessment of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: the Lugano classification.

           ,  ,   (2014)
          The purpose of this work was to modernize recommendations for evaluation, staging, and response assessment of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A workshop was held at the 11th International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma in Lugano, Switzerland, in June 2011, that included leading hematologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, and nuclear medicine physicians, representing major international lymphoma clinical trials groups and cancer centers. Clinical and imaging subcommittees presented their conclusions at a subsequent workshop at the 12th International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma, leading to revised criteria for staging and of the International Working Group Guidelines of 2007 for response. As a result, fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)–computed tomography (CT) was formally incorporated into standard staging for FDG-avid lymphomas. A modification of the Ann Arbor descriptive terminology will be used for anatomic distribution of disease extent, but the suffixes A or B for symptoms will only be included for HL. A bone marrow biopsy is no longer indicated for the routine staging of HL and most diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. However, regardless of stage, general practice is to treat patients based on limited (stages I and II, nonbulky) or advanced (stage III or IV) disease, with stage II bulky disease considered as limited or advanced disease based on histology and a number of prognostic factors. PET-CT will be used to assess response in FDG-avid histologies using the 5-point scale. The product of the perpendicular diameters of a single node can be used to identify progressive disease. Routine surveillance scans are discouraged. These recommendations should improve evaluation of patients with lymphoma and enhance the ability to compare outcomes of clinical trials.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Patterns of outcome and prognostic factors in primary large-cell lymphoma of the testis in a survey by the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group.

            To determine clinical features and patterns of outcome of primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLCL). A retrospective international survey of 373 patients with primary testicular DLCL. Most patients presented with localized disease (stage I to II), and the median age at diagnosis was 66 years (range, 19 to 91 years). Anthracycline-based chemotherapy was administered to 255 patients (68%), and prophylactic intrathecal chemotherapy was given to 68 patients (18%); 133 patients (36%) received prophylactic scrotal radiotherapy. Median overall survival was 4.8 years, and median progression-free survival was 4 years. The survival curves showed no clear evidence of a substantial proportion of cured patients. A favorable international prognostic index score (IPI), no B-symptoms, the use of anthracyclines, and prophylactic scrotal radiotherapy were significantly associated with longer survival at multivariate analysis. However, even for patients with stage I disease and good-risk IPI, the outcome seems worse than what was reported for DLCL at other sites. At a median follow-up of 7.6 years, 195 patients (52%) had relapsed. Extranodal recurrence was reported in 140 cases. Relapses in CNS were detected in 56 patients (15%) up to 10 years after presentation. A continuous risk of recurrence in the contralateral testis was seen in patients not receiving scrotal radiotherapy. Testicular DLCL is characterized by a particularly high risk of extranodal relapse even in cases with localized disease at diagnosis. Anthracycline-based chemotherapy, CNS prophylaxis, and contralateral testicular irradiation seem to improve the outcome. Their efficacy is under evaluation in a prospective clinical trial.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Primary testicular lymphoma.

              Primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) is a rare, clinically aggressive form of extranodal lymphoma. The vast majority of cases are histologically diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, but rarer subtypes are clinically important and must be recognized. In this review, we discuss the incidence, clinical presentation, and prognostic factors of PTL and present a summary of the recent advances in our understanding of its pathophysiology, which may account for the characteristic clinical features. Although outcomes for patients with PTL have historically been poor, significant gains have been made with the successive addition of radiotherapy (RT), full-course anthracycline-based chemotherapy, rituximab and central nervous system-directed prophylaxis. We describe the larger retrospective series and prospective clinical trials and critically examine the role of RT. Although rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone given every 21 days with intrathecal methotrexate and locoregional RT is the current international standard of care, a substantial minority of patients progress, representing an unmet medical need. Finally, we discuss new treatment approaches and recent discoveries that may translate into improved outcomes for patients with PTL.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Surg Case Rep
                J Surg Case Rep
                jscr
                Journal of Surgical Case Reports
                Oxford University Press
                2042-8812
                May 2021
                14 May 2021
                14 May 2021
                : 2021
                : 5
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Barts Health Trust , London, UK
                [2 ] University of Edinburgh , Mason Institute of Life Sciences, Medicine & Law, Edinburgh UK
                [3 ] University College London Hospitals , London, UK
                Author notes
                Correspondence address. Flat 49, 25 Mill Street, London SE1 2BE, UK. Tel: 07759422005; E-mail: fawz@ 123456doctors.org.uk
                Article
                rjab177
                10.1093/jscr/rjab177
                8121125
                Published by Oxford University Press and JSCR Publishing Ltd. © The Author(s) 2021.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Pages: 00
                Product
                Categories
                Case Report
                AcademicSubjects/MED00910
                jscrep/0170

                Comments

                Comment on this article