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      The SSB-positive/SSA-negative antibody profile is not associated with key phenotypic features of Sjögren's syndrome

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          To determine whether the Sjögren's syndrome B (SSB)-positive/Sjögren's syndrome A (SSA)-negative antibody profile is associated with key phenotypic features of SS.

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          Primary Sjögren syndrome in Spain: clinical and immunologic expression in 1010 patients.

          We conducted the current study to characterize the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) in a large cohort of Spanish patients and to determine whether epidemiologic, clinical, and analytical features modulate disease expression. Patients were from the GEMESS Study group, which was formed in 2005 and included 12 Spanish reference centers. By March 2007, the database included 1010 consecutive patients, recruited since 1994, both incident and prevalent cases. The cohort included 937 women and 73 men (ratio, 13:1), with a mean age of 53 years at diagnosis and 59 years at inclusion in the registry. Multivariate analysis showed that male patients had a lower frequency of thyroiditis, Raynaud phenomenon, and antinuclear antibodies. Young-onset patients had a low degree of sicca involvement (xerostomia and parotid enlargement) and a high frequency of immunologic markers (anti-Ro/SS-A and low C4 levels). Patients with disease duration of more than 10 years had a higher prevalence of xerophthalmia, parotid enlargement, lung involvement, and peripheral neuropathy in comparison with incident cases. The subset of patients with anti-Ro/La antibodies had the highest prevalence of most systemic, hematologic, and immunologic alterations (higher frequency of Raynaud phenomenon, altered parotid scintigraphy, positive salivary gland biopsy, peripheral neuropathy, thrombocytopenia, and rheumatoid factor). Hypocomplementemia was associated with a higher frequency of vasculitis and lymphoma, and cryoglobulins with a higher frequency of parotid enlargement, vasculitis, and leukopenia.Epidemiologic, clinical, and analytical features have a significant impact on the clinical presentation of primary SS, influencing the results of the main diagnostic tests, the prevalence and diversity of extraglandular involvement, and the frequency of the main immunologic markers. Primary SS should be considered as a systemic autoimmune disease that can express in many guises beyond sicca involvement.
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            Primary Sjögren's syndrome as a systemic disease: a study of participants enrolled in an international Sjögren's syndrome registry.

            To study the prevalence of extraglandular manifestations in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) among participants enrolled in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) Registry. A total of 1,927 participants in the SICCA registry were studied, including 886 participants who met the 2002 American-European Consensus Group (AECG) criteria for primary SS, 830 "intermediate" cases who had some objective findings of primary SS but did not meet AECG criteria, and 211 control individuals. We studied the prevalence of immunologic and hematologic laboratory abnormalities, specific rheumatologic examination findings, and physician-confirmed thyroid, liver, and kidney disease, as well as lymphoma among SICCA participants. Laboratory abnormalities, including hematologic abnormalities, hypergammaglobulinemia, and hypocomplementemia, frequently occurred among primary SS cases and were more common among the intermediate cases than among control participants. Cutaneous vasculitis and lymphadenopathy were also more common among primary SS cases. In contrast, the frequency of physician-confirmed diagnoses of thyroid, liver, and kidney disease and lymphoma was low and only primary biliary cirrhosis was associated with primary SS case status. Rheumatologic and neurologic symptoms were common among all SICCA participants, regardless of case status. Data from the international SICCA registry support the systemic nature of primary SS, manifested primarily in terms of specific immunologic and hematologic abnormalities. The occurrence of other systemic disorders among this cohort is relatively uncommon. Previously reported associations may be more specific to select patient subgroups, such as those referred for evaluation of certain neurologic, rheumatologic, or other systemic manifestations. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Rheumatology.
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              Immunological profile in primary Sjögren syndrome: clinical significance, prognosis and long-term evolution to other auto-immune disease.

              To study evolution of pSS immunological profile, impact on pSS activity and the long-term evolution of patients with atypical auto-antibodies in a bicentric cohort of patients with pSS (n=445, mean age 53.6+/-14years, mean follow-up 76.1+/-51months). 212 patients were SSA positive and 131 were both SSA and SSB positive. During follow-up, SSA antibodies disappear in 8 patients; 2 of them exhibit new systemic complications of pSS. 68 patients had cryoglobulinemia. 52 patients had other anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) specificities: anti-RNP (n=12), anti-centromere (n=14), anti-DNA native (n=19), anti-Scl70 (n=3), anti-JO1 (n=3), anti-Sm (n=3) and anti-histone (n=1). Fourteen patients developed ANA-associated auto-immune disease during the follow-up: 5 polymyositis (mean apparition delay 78months), 6 systemic lupus erythematosus (mean occurrence delay 77months) and 2 systemic sclerosis (mean occurrence delay 133+/-64months). Among these 14 patients, only three presented atypical-ANA at pSS diagnosis. Cryoglobulinemia and anti-SSA and SSB antibodies at diagnosis were associated with new systemic involvements. Cryoglobulinemia and SSA/SSB positivity are associated with systemic activity after diagnosis in pSS. Although atypical ANA are found in 12% of the cases, long-term evolution to ANA associated auto-immune diseases concerned patients with active immunological profile and extra-glandular manifestations.

                Author and article information

                Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
                Ann Rheum Dis
                July 09 2015
                August 03 2015
                : 74
                : 8
                : 1557-1561
                © 2015


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