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      Experimental Nephropathy Induced by Haemophilus parainfluenzae Antigens

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          Abstract

          Background: We have demonstrated that outer membrane antigens of Haemophilus parainfluenzae (OMHP) are potentially involved in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). In this study, we established an experimental model of IgAN using OMHP antigens and investigated the nephritogenicity of OMHP antigens. Methods: One hundred and twenty C3H/HeN mice were administered OMHP antigens orally (PO group) or intraperitoneally (IP group). Mice were sacrificed at 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 weeks of age to examine sequential glomerular changes and to measure levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM antibody against OMHP by ELISA. Results: Glomerular deposition of IgA and increases in the amount of mesangial matrix were observed in the PO group and the IP group from 40 and 30 weeks of age, respectively. Mice in both groups showed glomerular deposition of OMHP antigens from 30 or 40 weeks of age. Levels of IgA antibodies against OMHP were significantly increased in the PO and IP groups compared with controls. There was a significant correlation between mesangial proliferation and glomerular deposition of IgA. Conclusions: Administration of OMHP antigens to mice may induce glomerular deposition of IgA and mesangial proliferation, resembling the changes seen in IgAN, with increases in IgA antibodies against OMHP antigens. This is the first use of OMHP antigens to establish an active model of IgAN.

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          The role of nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue.

          Nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT), which comprises paired lymphoid organs in the nasopharynx of rodents, is the principal mucosal lymphoid tissue of the respiratory tract. As described in this review, NALT bears certain similarities to the Peyer's patches of the intestine but the two differ remarkably in morphology, lymphoid migration patterns and the binding properties of their high endothelial venules (HEV).
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            Regional specialization in the mucosal immune system: what happens in the microcompartments?

            Mucosal immunity is an important arm of the immune system because it operates in tissues involved in everyday infectious defence as well as in tolerance against innocuous environmental and dietary antigens. Here, Per Brandtzaeg and colleagues discuss compartmentalized regulation of mucosal B cells and mechanisms that might explain the strikingly regionalized effector disparity of the human mucosal immune system.
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              Haemophilus parainfluenzae antigen and antibody in renal biopsy samples and serum of patients with IgA nephropathy

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2002
                March 2002
                25 February 2002
                : 90
                : 3
                : 320-327
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine, Fukui Medical University, Fukui; bDepartment of Medicine (II), Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan
                Article
                49068 Nephron 2002;90:320–327
                10.1159/000049068
                11867953
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 6, Tables: 1, References: 45, Pages: 8
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/49068
                Categories
                Original Paper

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