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      Burnout Syndrome in Middle and Senior Management in the Industrial Manufacturing Sector of Mexico

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          Due to globalization and the accelerated growth of technology, ever more employees of companies are affected by burnout syndrome, the psychological nature of which requires a prolonged response to chronic interpersonal stressors in work environments. The present research aims to validate the operability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) using a sample of 378 professionals belonging to middle and senior management working in companies within the IMMEX sector (comprising the industrial-manufacturing, maquiladora and export services) located in the state of Baja California, Mexico. Firstly, an exploratory factor analysis using the principal components method and Varimax rotation was performed and the results revealed the existence of three factors representing more than 67 percent of the total variance. Secondly, a confirmatory factorial analysis was carried out performing appropriate results for the indices Chi-square goodness-of-fit model, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA), Normed Fit Index (NFI), Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Relative Fit Index (RFI), Parsimony Ratio (PRATIO) and Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI), which are highly recommended by literature in these types of studies. Additionally, construct validity was satisfactorily verified. The factorial solution coincided with the Maslach Burnout Inventory original proposal so that this instrument can be considered a valid and reliable option to analyze the burnout levels in people pertaining to middle and senior management in these types of industries.

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          Most cited references 47

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            Burnout and work engagement among teachers

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              Early predictors of job burnout and engagement.

              A longitudinal study predicted changes in burnout or engagement a year later by identifying 2 types of early indicators at the initial assessment. Organizational employees (N = 466) completed measures of burnout and 6 areas of worklife at 2 times with a 1-year interval. Those people who showed an inconsistent pattern at Time 1 were more likely to change over the year than were those who did not. Among this group, those who also displayed a workplace incongruity in the area of fairness moved to burnout at Time 2, while those without this incongruity moved toward engagement. The implications of these 2 predictive indicators are discussed in terms of the enhanced ability to customize interventions for targeted groups within the workplace. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.

                Author and article information

                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                25 April 2019
                April 2019
                : 16
                : 8
                [1 ]Facultad de Ingeniería, Arquitectura y Diseño, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana 3917, Colonia Playitas, Ensenada 22860, Baja California, Mexico; idali.macias@ 123456uabc.edu.mx (S.M.-V.); jorge.limon@ 123456uabc.edu.mx (J.L.-R.); diegotlapa@ 123456uabc.edu.mx (D.T.)
                [2 ]Department of Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Ave. del Charro 450 Norte, Cd Juarez 32310, Chihuahua, Mexico; amaldona@ 123456uacj.mx
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: yolanda@ 123456uabc.edu.mx ; Tel.: +52-646-175-0744
                © 2019 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


                Public health

                burnout, construct validity, mbi, industry


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