22 November 2001
Hantavirus infection, Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis, Nephropathia epidemica, Nephrotic syndrome, Postinfectious nephritis, Puumala virus, Viral infection
Nephropathia epidemica induced by Puumala hantavirus typically causes acute reversible renal function impairment. A typical renal biopsy finding is acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with slight glomerular mesangial changes. We describe here 5 patients who developed the nephrotic syndrome during the convalescent phase of an otherwise typical acute febrile nephropathia epidemica. Renal biopsy of all patients disclosed type I mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN). A clinical remission of the nephrotic syndrome was observed in 4 patients during the follow-up period, and 1 entered into chronic renal failure. Three patients had microscopic hematuria and proteinuria and 2 elevated blood pressure at the latest assessment visit. No patient had clinical or laboratory findings compatible with chronic bacterial, parasitic or viral infections (hepatitis B or C), malignancies, or other disorders known to be associated with MCGN. In conclusion, Puumala hantavirus has to be added to the list of potential agents associated with type I MCGN. Further studies are necessary to establish the incidence of MCGN caused by various hantavirus infections.