Patients affected by chronic renal failure often complain of blurred vision when submitted to hemodialysis. Refraction, visual acuity and lens transparency have been evaluated in 36 eyes of 18 patients who underwent hemodialysis, before and after the treatment. Student’s t test did not prove any statistically significant difference between the considered parameters. However, a change in refraction was noted in 64% of the eyes, always in hyperopic mean. Corrective glasses had to be changed to ensure the same visual acuity as before the hemodialytic treatment. Particular care must be taken in lens prescription in those patients who could undergo dialysis for chronic renal failure.