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      Zooarqueología de un centro administrativo inca del Valle de Yocavil (Catamarca): el Tambo de Punta de Balasto Translated title: Zooarchaeology of an Inca administrative center of the Yocavil Valley (Catamarca): Tambo de Punta de Balasto

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          Abstract

          Este trabajo presenta los resultados del análisis de la arqueofauna del sitio inca Tambo de Punta de Balasto, localizado al sur del valle de Yocavil o Santa María (Catamarca, Argentina). Tambo de Punta de Balasto es un centro imperial; entre sus funciones debió estar la administración político-económica del territorio y el albergue de autoridades y trabajadores al servicio del Estado. El artículo hace foco en la fauna de un basural en las inmediaciones del Grupo Arquitectónico 7, una estructura del tipo kancha. Si bien se conocen otros materiales faunísticos del Período Inca del Noroeste argentino, la mayoría proviene de sitios del Período Desarrollos Regionales que fueron afectados al Tawantinsuyu, mientras que el Tambo de Punta de Balasto fue construido y utilizado exclusivamente para fines de la administración imperial.

          Translated abstract

          The results of ananalysis of thearchaeofaunal remains from Tambo de Punta de Balasto archaeological site are presented here; the site is located at the southern limit of the Yocavil valley, Province of Catamarca, Argentina. The site is an imperial facility dated to the Inca Periodthat should have operated as an administrative center, and which should have hostedmainly State officers and tributary (mit'a) workers. Another probable function of the site was territorial control. This report focalizes on afaunal assemblage from a midden located near Architectural Group 7, a dwelling of the kancha type. Even though there exist other known faunal assemblages dated the Inca Period of northwestern Argentina, fauna from Tambo de Punta de Balasto stands as one of the few cases corresponding to an exclusively imperial site, as most of former assemblages belong to pre-Inkan settlements or to sites of local tradition subjected to the Tawantinsuyu.

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          Most cited references 25

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          Taphonomic and ecologic information from bone weathering

          Bones of recent mammals in the Amboseli Basin, southern Kenya, exhibit distinctive weathering characteristics that can be related to the time since death and to the local conditions of temperature, humidity and soil chemistry. A categorization of weathering characteristics into six stages, recognizable on descriptive criteria, provides a basis for investigation of weathering rates and processes. The time necessary to achieve each successive weathering stage has been calibrated using known-age carcasses. Most bones decompose beyond recognition in 10 to 15 yr. Bones of animals under 100 kg and juveniles appear to weather more rapidly than bones of large animals or adults. Small-scale rather than widespread environmental factors seem to have greatest influence on weathering characteristics and rates. Bone weathering is potentially valuable as evidence for the period of time represented in recent or fossil bone assemblages, including those on archeological sites, and may also be an important tool in censusing populations of animals in modern ecosystems.
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            Quantitative Units and Terminology in Zooarchaeology

             R. Lyman (1994)
            Fifteen years ago Casteel and Grayson (1977) identified potential ambiguity in the definitions of quantitative terms and units used by zooarchaeologists. As solutions they suggested that analysts use the original definitions of terms and explicitly specify how units are counted. The history of zooarchaeology since then has involved a shift from producing estimates of taxonomic abundances to measuring various taphonomic processes and effects within taxa. As a result, many new quantitative units and terms for those units have been proposed. Some of these new units and terms have been used to measure properties of bone assemblages that are not clearly related to a taphonomic process or effect. Other units and terms have been used inappropriately due to apparent misunderstanding of the property measured by a unit or due to some assumed, implicit meaning of a term. The 112 terms compiled for this study have 122 distinct definitions. Some of the designated quantitative units are synonymous with one another while other units are used in ambiguous manners that seriously compromise their reliability. Explicit definitions of quantitative units and terms along with detailed descriptions of how individual units are measured are mandatory to the efficient communication of research results and the continued prosperity of zooarchaeological research.
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              Animal Bones from Caves to Cities: Reverse Utility Curves as Methodological Artifacts

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                remua
                Revista del Museo de Antropología
                Rev. Mus. Antropol.
                Museo de Antropología; Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades; Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Córdoba, , Argentina )
                1852-060X
                1852-4826
                December 2016
                : 9
                : 2
                : 17-26
                Affiliations
                orgnameInstituto de las Culturas (IDECU), Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Museo etnográfico J. B. Ambrosetti (FFyL-UBA). Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. E-Mail: crbelotti@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                S1852-48262016000200003

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 66, Pages: 10
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Argentina

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