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      Role of Thrombospondin-1 in the Autologous Phase of an Accelerated Model of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Glomerulonephritis

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          Abstract

          Background: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), a multifunctional, extracellular matrix protein, regulates cellular attachment, proliferation, migration, and differentiation in vitro, and is expressed de novo in many inflammatory diseases, including glomerulonephritis (GN). Methods: We investigated the role of TSP1 in the autologous phase of an accelerated model of anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) GN in mice deficient in TSP1. The model, induced by the injection of rabbit anti-mouse GBM antibody, is characterized by the development of proteinuria and glomerular damage over a 21-day observation period in wild-type mice. Results: Mice deficient in TSP1 developed significantly less proteinuria than their wild-type controls 21 days after induction of disease (5,793 ± 5,456 vs. 24,293 ± 15,336 µg albumin/mg creatinine; p = 0.002). Serum creatinine levels were significantly higher in the wild-type mice than in the TSP1 deficient animals (29.03 ± 2.34 vs. 16.39 ± 2.87 µmol/l; p = 0.005). Other disease indices as crescent formation, fibrin deposition and macrophage influx, were also diminished in the TSP1 knockout animals. The numbers of interstitial CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were generally less in TSP1-deficient mice and reached statistical significance in CD4+ (p = 0.01) and CD8+ T cells (p = 0.02). The difference in outcome of the disease was not due to the difference in deposition/production of heterologous and autologous antibodies in the two groups of animals. Conclusion: This study suggests a proinflammatory role of TSP1 in an experimental model of GN.

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          Most cited references 11

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          The functions of thrombospondin-1 and-2.

           Jack Lawler (2000)
          Considerable progress has been made towards understanding the function of thrombospondin-1 and-2. The description of the phenotype of mice with thrombospondin-1 and-2 knocked-out supports in vitro biochemical and cell-biological data and has opened new avenues of research. Recently, our understanding of the roles of thrombospondins in the activation of TGFbeta, inhibition of angiogenesis and the initiation of signal transduction has advanced.
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            Thrombospondin-1 Is a Major Activator of TGF-β1 In Vivo

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              Thrombospondin causes activation of latent transforming growth factor- beta secreted by endothelial cells by a novel mechanism [published erratum appears in J Cell Biol 1993 Sep;122(5):following 1143]

              Thrombospondin (TSP) forms specific complexes with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in the alpha granule releasate of platelets and these TSP-TGF-beta complexes inhibit the growth of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAE). In these studies, we report that TSP stripped of associated TGF-beta (sTSP) retained growth inhibitory activity which was partially reversed by a neutralizing antibody specific for TGF- beta. Since BAE cells secrete latent TGF-beta, we determined whether sTSP activates the latent TGF-beta secreted by BAE cells. Cells were cultured with or without sTSP and then the conditioned medium was tested for the ability to support TGF-beta-dependent normal rat kidney (NRK) colony formation in soft agar. Medium conditioned with sTSP showed a dose- and time-dependent ability to stimulate BAE-secreted TGF- beta activity, reaching maximal activation by 1-2 h with 0.4 micrograms/ml (0.9 nM) sTSP. The sTSP-mediated stimulation of TGF-beta activity is not dependent on serum factors and is not a general property of extracellular matrix molecules. The sTSP-mediated stimulation of TGF-beta activity was blocked by a mAb specific for sTSP and by neutralizing antibodies to TGF-beta. Activation of BAE cell secreted latent TGF-beta by sTSP can occur in the absence of cells and apparently does not require interactions with cell surface molecules, since in conditioned medium removed from cells and then incubated with sTSP, activation occurs with kinetics and at levels similar to what is seen when sTSP is incubated in the presence of cells. Serine proteases such as plasmin are not involved in sTSP-mediated activation of TGF- beta. Factors that regulate the conversion of latent to active TGF-beta are keys to controlling TGF-beta activity. These data suggest that TSP is a potent physiologic regulator of TGF-beta activation.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEE
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2004
                February 2004
                17 November 2004
                : 96
                : 2
                : e31-e38
                Affiliations
                aKlinische Abteilung für Nephrologie, Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; bDepartment of Pathology, Brigham and Women`s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., USA; cAbteilung für Nephrologie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; dDepartment of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., USA
                Article
                76402 Nephron Exp Nephrol 2004;96:e31–e38
                10.1159/000076402
                14988590
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 32, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/76402
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Thrombospondin-1, Transgenic mice, Glomerulonephritis

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