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      What Have the New Definition of Acute Myocardial Infarction and the Introduction of Troponin Measurement Done to the Coronary Care Unit?

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          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective: To assess the impact of the new American College of Cardiology/European Society of Cardiology definition of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the introduction of troponin measurement on the coronary care unit (CCU). Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study performed in a tertiary care university hospital. All admissions to the CCU during the year before (period 1, year 2000, n = 1,134) and the year after (period 2, year 2002, n = 1,360) the introduction of troponin measurement and the new AMI definition were studied. We studied baseline characteristics, case load, distribution of admission diagnoses, management and outcome of patients in the two periods. Results: There was a 20% increase in the number of CCU admissions, driven solely by a 141% increase in the burden of non-ST elevation AMI (NSTEMI) (p < 0.01). This increase was not a mere reflection of a change in diagnostic criteria, as the overall burden of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS) (NSTEMI + unstable angina) increased by 46%, suggesting referral of many more patients to the CCU. Despite a 42% increase in the number of angiograms performed, the proportion of ACS patients who had an angiogram declined. AMI patients in period 2 were older and had higher rates of coronary risk factors but had a higher chance of receiving a guideline-based therapy. Length of CCU stay decreased by a whole day for all ACS patients. 30-day mortality for AMI patients did not change significantly. Conclusions: The new AMI definition had a dramatic impact on the CCU case load, case mix and length of stay and on the ability to provide early coronary angiography.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Comparison of early invasive and conservative strategies in patients with unstable coronary syndromes treated with the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban.

          There is continued debate as to whether a routine, early invasive strategy is superior to a conservative strategy for the management of unstable angina and myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation. We enrolled 2220 patients with unstable angina and myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who had electrocardiographic evidence of changes in the ST segment or T wave, elevated levels of cardiac markers, a history of coronary artery disease, or all three findings. All patients were treated with aspirin, heparin, and the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban. They were randomly assigned to an early invasive strategy, which included routine catheterization within 4 to 48 hours and revascularization as appropriate, or to a more conservative (selectively invasive) strategy, in which catheterization was performed only if the patient had objective evidence of recurrent ischemia or an abnormal stress test. The primary end point was a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and rehospitalization for an acute coronary syndrome at six months. At six months, the rate of the primary end point was 15.9 percent with use of the early invasive strategy and 19.4 percent with use of the conservative strategy (odds ratio, 0.78; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.62 to 0.97; P=0.025). The rate of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction at six months was similarly reduced (7.3 percent vs. 9.5 percent; odds ratio, 0.74; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.54 to 1.00; P<0.05). In patients with unstable angina and myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who were treated with the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban, the use of an early invasive strategy significantly reduced the incidence of major cardiac events. These data support a policy involving broader use of the early inhibition of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in combination with an early invasive strategy in such patients.
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            Invasive compared with non-invasive treatment in unstable coronary-artery disease: FRISC II prospective randomised multicentre study

              (1999)
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              Multimarker Approach to Risk Stratification in Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2004
                September 2004
                29 September 2004
                : 102
                : 3
                : 171-176
                Affiliations
                Department of Cardiology, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel
                Article
                80487 Cardiology 2004;102:171–176
                10.1159/000080487
                15334029
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 5, References: 10, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Coronary Care

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