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      Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Braconidae

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          Abstract

          Abstract
          Background

          The checklist of British and Irish Braconidae is revised, based in large part on the collections of the National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, and the Natural History Museum, London. Distribution records are provided at the country level together with extensive synonymy and bibliography.

          New information

          Of the 1,338 species regarded as valid, presumed native and certainly identified, 83 are here recorded for the first time from the British Isles. One new synonym is established ( Dyscritus suffolciensis Morley, 1933 = Syntretus splendidus (Marshall, 1887) syn. nov.)

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          Most cited references285

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          The structure of an aphid-parasitoid community

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            THE POLYPHYLETIC NATURE OF APANTELES FOERSTER (HYMENOPTERA: BRACONIDAE): A PHYLOGENY AND RECLASSIFICATION OF MICROGASTRINAE

            W. Mason (1981)
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              A molecular phylogeny of the Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).

              Phylogenetic relationships within the Aphidiinae, and between this and other subfamilies of Braconidae (Hymenoptera), were investigated using sequence data from three genes: elongation factor-1alpha, cytochrome b, and the second expansion segment of the 28S ribosomal subunit. Variation in both protein-coding genes was characterized by a high level of homoplasy, but analysis of the expansion segment--robust over a range of alignment methods and parameters-resolved some of the older divergences. Parsimony analysis of the combined data suggests the following tribal relationships: (Ephedrini + (Praini + (Aphidiini + Trioxini))). In addition, the cyclostome subfamilies were found to form a clade separate from the Aphidiinae, but relationships between the Aphidiinae and the noncyclostome braconids could not be resolved. The inferred phylogeny also supported a secondary loss of internal pupation within the Praini and a polyphyletic origin of endoparasitism within the Braconidae.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2828
                2016
                21 April 2016
                : 4
                Affiliations
                []The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
                [§ ]National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
                [| ]University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Gavin R. Broad ( g.broad@ 123456nhm.ac.uk ).

                Academic editor: Pavel Stoev

                Article
                Biodiversity Data Journal 5107
                10.3897/BDJ.4.e8151
                4867695
                27226759
                cb917d29-1db9-46a6-afee-04c0b437402a
                Gavin R. Broad, Mark R. Shaw, H. Charles J. Godfray

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 0, References: 289
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Braconidae
                Systematics
                British Isles

                britain,ireland,fauna, ichneumonoidea
                britain, ireland, fauna, ichneumonoidea

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