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      Isolation of both varieties ofCryptococcus neoformansfrom saprophytic sources in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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      Medical Mycology
      Informa UK Limited

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          Ecology, life cycle, and infectious propagule of Cryptococcus neoformans.

          Cryptococcus neoformans is a biotrophic smut-like fungus, and the epidemiology of cryptococcosis can mainly be explained by exposure to an infective aerosolised inoculum. For C neoformans var gattii it is postulated that the principal infectious propagule is the basidiospore and that exposure to Eucalyptus camaldulensis, the host tree, is required to initiate infection in man and animals. C neoformans var gattii may have been exported from Australia by infected seeds of E camaldulensis containing dormant dikaryotic mycelium of the fungus. For C neoformans var neoformans both the basidiospore and desiccated encapsulated yeast cells are postulated to act as infectious propagules, the basidiospores showing a seasonal distribution in association with an as yet unidentified host plant, and the encapsulated yeast cells dispersed from accumulations of dried bird (mainly pigeon) droppings which act as a year-round vector.
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            Taxonomic studies on Filobasidiella species and their anamorphs

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              Cryptococcus neoformans varieties as agents of cryptococcosis in Brazil

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Medical Mycology
                Med Mycol
                Informa UK Limited
                1369-3786
                1460-2709
                January 1993
                January 1993
                : 31
                : 6
                : 449-454
                Article
                10.1080/02681219380000581
                cbaa0789-8218-429b-82cb-8d8ff6910c76
                © 1993
                History

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