Mahsa Eskandarinezhad DDS 1 , Mostafa Ghodrati DDS 1 , Fateme Pournaghi Azar DDS 2 , Farnaz Jafari DDS 1 , Parvin Samadi Pakchin PhD 3 , Amir Ardalan Abdollahi DDS 4 , Amir Houman Sadrhaghighi DDS 5 , Forouzan Rezvan DDS 6
Many efforts have been made to improve the properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), including the incorporation of nanoparticles.
The aim of this study was to investigate the incorporation of zinc oxide and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles on the compressive strength of white MTA (WMTA).
In this in vitro study, the following materials were evaluated: MTA, MTA+5% zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles, MTA+10% zinc oxide nanoparticles, MTA+5% hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles, MTA+10% zinc oxide nanoparticles. The compressive strength of the groups under investigation was measured on days 4 and 21 after mixing the MTA using a universal testing machine. Two-way ANOVA test was used to compare the groups and determine the significance of the effect of time and material on the compressive strength ( p<0.05).
The highest and lowest compressive strength values were respectively measured for the second group, MTA/21 days, and the fourth group, MTA+Nano ZnO/4 days. Two-way ANOVA indicated that incorporation of zinc oxide and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into MTA did not have a significant effect on compressive strength ( p= 0.05). Compressive strength in all the groups increased over time from day 4 to day 21. However, this increase was not statistically significant ( p= 0.06) except for the MTA group, which exhibited significant increase in compressive strength over time from day 4 to day 21 ( p=0.007).