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      Tensiones público-privado y el diseño de los sistemas educativos: ¿Qué nos dice PISA? Translated title: Public-private tensions and educational systems design: what does PISA tell us?

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          Abstract

          Los diversos sistemas educativos en el mundo persiguen objetivos tanto públicos como privados. Específicamente, deben intentar conciliar el permitir mayor libertad para que las escuelas puedan responder a los objetivos privados de las familias con preservar un modelo educacional que entregue una experiencia educacional colectiva para mantener una sociedad cohesionada. Usando datos de PISA 2009, este trabajo examina de forma exploratoria las posibles implicancias que tendría el tipo de financiamiento y tipo de provisión (pública o privada) en el logro de los siguientes cuatro objetivos que han sido planteados para la educación: (a) libertad de elección, (b) eficiencia productiva, (c) equidad, y (d) cohesión social. En términos generales, se encuentra que existen tensiones en el logro de objetivos privados y públicos de forma simultánea. Sin embargo, existen algunas políticas públicas que logran reducir estas tensiones, mientras que otras tienden a incrementarla.

          Translated abstract

          Educational systems around the world pursue both public and private objectives. They are able to balance both objectives by allowing greater freedom for schools to meet the families’ private objectives with an educational model that delivers a collective experience that maintains a cohesive society. Using data from PISA 2009, this study explores the possible implications that public and private funding and provision have on the following four objectives of education: (a) freedom of choice, (b) productive efficiency, (c) equity, and (d) social cohesion. We find that there are tensions in achieving some of these objectives simultaneously. However, there are some policies that reduce some of these tensions, while others tend to exacerbate them.

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          Most cited references 28

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          Capitalism and Freedom

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            Does Competition Among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers?

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              The impact of school choice and public policy on segregation: Evidence from Chile

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                pp
                Pro-Posições
                Pro-Posições
                UNICAMP - Faculdade de Educação (Campinas )
                1980-6248
                August 2012
                : 23
                : 2
                : 105-123
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad Diego Portales Chile
                [2 ] Universidad Diego Portales Chile
                [3 ] Universidad Diego Portales Chile
                [4 ] Universidad Diego Portales Chile
                Article
                S0103-73072012000200008
                10.1590/S0103-73072012000200008
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

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