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      Does financial efficiency modify CO2 emission? Using panel ARDL-PMG in the case of five selected ASEAN countries

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          Abstract

          Financial efficiency reduces carbon emissions by optimising resource usage, encouraging innovation and investment in low-carbon technology and solutions, and increasing transparency and accountability. This study examined the short- and long-term equilibrium relationships between CO2 emissions, financial efficiency, GDP, and energy consumption in five ASEAN nations from 1980 to 2020. Data stationarity was tested using the panel unit root test. The Autoregression Distribution Lag Pooled Mean Group (ARDL-PMG) model is best for empirical research because the data are long time series. The ARDL-PMG model shows that all variables affect CO2 emissions in the short term. Gross domestic product per capita and energy use affect CO2 emissions but not financial efficiency over time.

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          Determinants of the ecological footprint: Role of renewable energy, natural resources, and urbanization

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            Moving towards a sustainable environment: The dynamic linkage between natural resources, human capital, urbanization, economic growth, and ecological footprint in China

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                BIO Web of Conferences
                BIO Web Conf.
                EDP Sciences
                2117-4458
                2023
                November 08 2023
                2023
                : 73
                : 02001
                Article
                10.1051/bioconf/20237302001
                cc20d7e8-d70d-49b9-adba-464ceb2ec7a8
                © 2023

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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