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      Biofortification of soybean (Glycine max L.) with Se and Zn, and enhancing its physiological functions by spiking these elements to soil during flowering phase.

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          Soybean is recognized as one of the most important prospective protein sources for human nutrition under conditions of climate change and population growth. Occurrence of Se and Zn deficiency in vast areas over the globe inhabited by up to 2 billion people, induced search for a comprehensive solution to these problems through the efficient Se/Zn biofortification of soybean seeds (beans). To assess the Se/Zn accumulation efficiency and the physiological status of soybean plants, a pot experiment on Se and Zn enrichment in beans was conducted. It consisted of applying 15 different Se-deficient soil treatments with these elements during the flowering phase, alone or in dose combinations. Application of Se alone, besides Se accumulation in soybean, reduced Zn uptake from soil, but caused alterations in Zn translocation, and its multiple enrichment in beans. Addition of Zn alone promoted both Zn and Se enrichment in beans. Joint Se/Zn application in increasing doses appeared to have a strong synergistic effect on accumulation of these elements in beans and enhanced the physiological functions of the soybean. This manifested itself in the growth of photosynthetic production and soybean biomass, and in the improvement of lipid peroxidation status (REC, MDA and proline content indices). Toxicity symptoms indicated the maximum Se/Zn doses. Several-fold higher contents of Se and Zn in soybean straw compared to spiked soil suggest its possible use as Se/Zn-rich soil amendment in accordance with the circular economy goals. These novel findings may significantly contribute to human health improvement in Se and Zn deficient regions.

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          Author and article information

          Sci Total Environ
          The Science of the total environment
          Elsevier BV
          Oct 20 2020
          : 740
          [1 ] Shaanxi Province Key Laboratory of Bio-resources, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723001, China.
          [2 ] Shaanxi Province Key Laboratory of Bio-resources, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723001, China; Key Laboratory of Pollution Ecology and Environment Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China. Electronic address: shuhewei@iae.ac.cn.
          [3 ] Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 41-819 Zabrze, Poland. Electronic address: irena@ipis.zabrze.pl.

          Se/Zn deficient soils,Se/Zn biofortification,Physiological status,Lipid peroxidation,Biomass growth,Soybean,Se/Zn interaction in plants


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