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      Prognóstico do duke-escore versus cintilografia em pacientes com fatores de risco para doença arterial coronariana: seguimento de um ano Translated title: Prognosis of duke treadmill score versus scintilography in patients at risk for coronary artery disease: one year follow-up

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          Abstract

          OBJETIVO: Determinar a sensibilidade, a especificidade e o risco de eventos cardiovasculares em pacientes com Duke-escore (DE) baixo, intermediário e alto risco, em comparação com a presença (ou não) de defeitos de perfusão à cintilografia do miocárdio. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, consecutivo, com 173 pacientes com 2 ou mais fatores de risco para doença arterial coronariana (DAC), que foram submetidos à cintilografia de perfusão do miocárdio com tetrofosmin marcado com tecnécio-Tc 99m (CPM) e ao teste ergométrico (aplicando-se o DE), de um bairro de Curitiba, entre janeiro de 2003 a fevereiro de 2004. Os pacientes tiveram seguimento de 13±1 meses e 162 completaram o acompanhamento. Foi avaliada a presença de morte, angina, infarto agudo do miocárdio, angioplastia coronariana e revascularização do miocárdio. RESULTADOS: A média do DE dos pacientes que apresentaram eventos (18) foi de -0,27 (95% IC= -3,97 a +3,91) e daqueles livres de eventos (144) foi de +4,92 (95% IC= +4,03 a +5,81), com p<0,00069. A sensibilidade do DE foi de 72,22% e da CPM foi de 77,78%, sem diferença estatística, com p=0,21. A especificidade do DE foi de 54,17% e a da CPM foi de 88,19%, com p<0,0001. A curva de Kaplan-Meier demonstrou que 94% dos pacientes com DE baixo risco permaneceram livres de eventos em 01 ano. Em contraste, todos os de alto risco apresentaram eventos no mesmo período. Os que apresentaram DE de intermediário risco apresentaram 15% de eventos em 01 ano. CONCLUSÃO: O DE foi tão sensível quanto CPM em determinar o risco para DAC em um ano. Os pacientes com DE <-0,27 tiveram maior risco de eventos cardíacos.

          Translated abstract

          OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the sensitivity, the specificity and a year-long risk of subsequent cardiovascular events in patients with low, intermediate and high risk prognostic Duke treadmill score (DTS) in comparison with the presence (or not) of the myocardial perfusion defects on radionuclide images. METHODS: A prospective study, with 173 consecutive patients with 02 or more risk factors to coronary artery disease (CAD), who underwent to exercise single photon - emission computed tomographic myocardial perfusion images using technetium-99m tetrophosmin (SPECT) and treadmill test (with DTS), from one neighbourhood of Curitiba city, between January 2003 and February 2004, were followed up for cardiac-cause mortality and major cardiac events. Follow-up was performed in 13± 1 months and in 162 patients was complete. RESULTS: The DTS mean those patients with cardiac event (18) over a year was -0.27 (95% CI= -3.97 to +3.91) and those free cardiac event patients (144) was +4.92 (95% CI= +4.03 to +5.81), with p<0.00069. The DTS sensitivity was 72.22% and the SPECT sensitivity was 77.78%, with no significant difference p=0.21. The DTS specificity was 54.17% and the SPECT specificity was 88.19%, with p<0.0001. The cumulative proportion free-events (Kaplan-Meier) curves demonstrated that 94% those patients with low-risk DTS remained free-cardiac events. In contrast, all high-risk DTS had adverse cardiac events. Those patients with intermediate-risk DTS had 15% of cardiac event over a year. CONCLUSIONS: The DTS was as sensitivity as SPECT in determine a year risk for CAD. Those patients with DTS <-0.27 had high-risk cardiac event.

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          Use of a prognostic treadmill score in identifying diagnostic coronary disease subgroups.

          Exercise testing is useful in the assessment of symptomatic patients for diagnosis of significant or extensive coronary disease and to predict their future risk of cardiac events. The Duke treadmill score (DTS) is a composite index that was designed to provide survival estimates based on results from the exercise test, including ST-segment depression, chest pain, and exercise duration. However, its usefulness for providing diagnostic estimates has yet to be determined. A logistic regression model was used to predict significant (>/=75% stenosis) and severe (3-vessel or left main) coronary artery disease, and a Cox regression analysis was used to predict cardiac survival. After adjustment for baseline clinical risk, the DTS was effectively diagnostic for significant (P /=+5), 60% had no coronary stenosis >/=75% and 16% had single-vessel >/=75% stenosis. By comparison, 74% of high-risk patients (score <-11) had 3-vessel or left main coronary disease. Five-year mortality was 3%, 10%, and 35% for low-, moderate-, and high-risk DTS groups (P<0.0001). The composite DTS provides accurate diagnostic and prognostic information for the evaluation of symptomatic patients evaluated for clinically suspected ischemic heart disease.
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            Stress testing in cardiac evaluation : current concepts with emphasis on the ECG.

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              Predictors of nonfatal reinfarction in survivors of myocardial infarction after thrombolysis: results of the Gruppo italiano per lo studio della sopravvivenza nell’ infarto miocardico (GISSI-2) data base

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                abc
                Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
                Arq. Bras. Cardiol.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC (São Paulo )
                1678-4170
                August 2006
                : 87
                : 2
                : 146-152
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Centro de Radioimunoensaio e Medicina Nuclear do Paraná
                Article
                S0066-782X2006001500012
                10.1590/S0066-782X2006001500012
                cc6498e1-6ccf-4b8b-9a22-c37bb3219f61

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0066-782X&lng=en
                Categories
                CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS

                Cardiovascular Medicine
                Exercise,tests,prognosis,coronary artery disease,Exercício,teste,prognóstico,doença arterial coronariana

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