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      Pigment Epithelium Defects after Submacular Surgery for Choroidal Neovascularization: First Results

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          Abstract

          It was the aim of this study to compare postoperative pigment epithelium defects after submacular surgery for well-defined choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with preoperative fluorescein angiogram (FAG), indocyanine green angiogram (ICG), and intraoperative findings of the excised neovacularization. Surgical removal of the CNV was videotaped. By means of a gauge the absolute size of an anatomic structure was determined which was visible on video, FAG, and ICG as well. Postoperatively another FAG was performed to further examine the funduscopically visible pigment epithelium defect. By comparison with the above-mentioned anatomic structure it was thus possible to determine the exact size of CNV and pigment epithelium defect. The extent of the pigment epithelium defect as determined on postoperative FAG after submacular surgery surpasses the size of CNV as measured in FAG, ICG, and anatomical preparation.

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          Indocyanine Green Angiography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration with Occult Neovascularization

          This study has been conducted to assess the sensitivity of indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) in detecting choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) with occult CNV at fluorescein angiography (FA) and to establish their eligibility for laser photocoagulation. Three hundred eighty-three eyes of 355 consecutive patients with occult CNV at FA were studied by ICGA; occult CNV with or without pigment epithelial detachment (PED) were detected as well. Eligibility for laser treatment was established on the basis of the ICGA-guided CNV extension and localization. Out of 157 eyes (41%) with occult CNV and PED, 74 (47.1%) showed focal ICGA CNV, 35 eyes (22.3%) had plaque CNV. Thirty-five eyes with PED (22.3%) appeared serous without CNV, and in 13 eyes (8.3%) no CNV was detectable because of large hemorrhages. Out of the 226 eyes (59%) presenting occult CNV without PED, 94 eyes (41.6%) had plaque CNV, and 58 (25.7%) had focal CNV. In 74 eyes (32.7%), there was no detectable CNV or only an ill-defined ICGA appearance. ARMD with PED is closely associated with focal CNV, while plaque CNV is largely found in exudative ARMD without PED (p < 0.001). Considering all the cases examined by ICGA, CNV was evident in 261 eyes (68%) occult at FA. Extrafoveal CNV laser treatment was recommended for 103 eyes (27%). Our results suggest that ICGA may be useful in the diagnosis and management of ARMD with occult CNV at FA increasing the number of patients eligible for laser treatment.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            OPH
            Ophthalmologica
            10.1159/issn.0030-3755
            Ophthalmologica
            S. Karger AG
            0030-3755
            1423-0267
            2000
            April 2000
            15 March 2000
            : 214
            : 2
            : 122-125
            Affiliations
            Zentrum für Augenheilkunde, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Deutschland
            Article
            27480 Ophthalmologica 2000;214:122–125
            10.1159/000027480
            10720916
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 10, Pages: 4
            Categories
            Original Paper · Travail original · Originalarbeit

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