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The Quantum Internet

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      Abstract

      Quantum networks offer a unifying set of opportunities and challenges across exciting intellectual and technical frontiers, including for quantum computation, communication, and metrology. The realization of quantum networks composed of many nodes and channels requires new scientific capabilities for the generation and characterization of quantum coherence and entanglement. Fundamental to this endeavor are quantum interconnects that convert quantum states from one physical system to those of another in a reversible fashion. Such quantum connectivity for networks can be achieved by optical interactions of single photons and atoms, thereby enabling entanglement distribution and quantum teleportation between nodes.

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      Journal
      25 June 2008
      0806.4195 10.1038/nature07127

      http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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      Editorially revised version published as Nature, vol. 453, pp. 1023-1030 (2008)
      15 pages, 6 figures Higher resolution versions of the figures can be downloaded from the following link: http://www.its.caltech.edu/~hjkimble/QNet-figures-high-resolution
      quant-ph

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