Bronisława Skrzep-Poloczek a , Andrzej Tomasik a , Roman Tarnawski a , Lidia Hyla-Klekot b , Antoni Dyduch b , Celina Wojciechowska a , Wiesław Wesołowski c , Ewa Kopieczna-Grzebieniak c , Jolanta Zalejska-Fiolka a , Ewa Widera a
24 August 2001
Background: The relation between nephrotic syndrome and atherosclerosis has not yet been fully clarified, although the high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol usually found in this syndrome may give rise to atherosclerosis. This study was intended to test the disturbances of antioxidant/oxidant status in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS). Methods: 8 children in the active stage (AS) of NS , 7 children during the remission stage (REM) of NS, and 14 control subjects (CTRL) were enrolled into the study. The levels of plasma total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-chol), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-chol), triglycerides (TG), vitamin E and 7-ketocholesterol (7KCH) before and after plasma saponification were measured. Results: A significant increase in the concentrations of TC, LDL-chol, vitamin E and total 7KCH in AS patients have been found. These patients had also a lower vitamin E/LDL-chol ratio. These changes have not been observed in the remission stage of nephrotic syndrome. Higher amounts of electronegatively charged-(oxidized) LDL particles as well as different oxysterols in AS patients have also been demonstrated. Conclusion: The study revealed significant disturbances in oxidant status during NS leading to plasma accumulation of oxidized LDL and cholesterol oxidation products that exert cytotoxicity and are known to induce atherosclerosis. We suggest that this may constitute an important link between nephrotic syndrome and atherosclerosis.