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      A new method for fine-scale assessments of the average urban Heat island over large areas and the effectiveness of nature-based solutions

      , , , , , , , ,

      One Ecosystem

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          People living in cities experience extra heat stress due to the so-called Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. To gain an insight into the spatial variability of the UHI for the Netherlands, a detailed map (10 m horizontal resolution) has been calculated that shows the summer-averaged daily maximal UHI situation. The map is based on a relationship between the UHI, mean wind speed at 10 m height and the number of people living within a distance of 10 km, derived from simulations of over 100 European cities with the extensively validated urban climate model UrbClim. The cooling effect of green and blue infrastructure is also taken into account in the map, based on these simulation results. The presented map will help local authorities in defining target areas for climate adaptation measures and estimate the impact of nature-based solutions.

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          Most cited references 18

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          Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence

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            Simulation of surface urban heat islands under ?ideal? conditions at night part 2: Diagnosis of causation

             T. Oke,  G Johnson,  I. Watson (1991)
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              Urban and rural mortality rates during heat waves in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany.

              In large cities such as Berlin, human mortality rates increase during intense heat waves. Analysis of relevant data from north-eastern Germany revealed that, during the heat waves that occurred between 1990 and 2006, health risks were higher for older people in both rural and urban areas, but that, during the two main heat waves within that 17-year period of time, the highest mortality rates were from the city of Berlin, and in particular from its most densely built-up districts. Adaptation measures will need to be developed, particularly within urban areas, in order to cope with the expected future intensification of heat waves due to global climate change. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                One Ecosystem
                OE
                Pensoft Publishers
                2367-8194
                August 20 2018
                August 20 2018
                : 3
                Article
                10.3897/oneeco.3.e24880
                © 2018

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