Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found
Is Open Access

CONOCIMIENTOS Y ACTITUDES ASOCIADAS AL INICIO DEL HÁBITO DE FUMAR DURANTE LA VIDA UNIVERSITARIA Translated title: KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES ASSOCIATED WITH THE ONSET OF SMOKING DURING COLLEGE LIFE Translated title: CONHECIMENTOS E ATITUDES ASSOCIADAS AO INICIO DO HÁBITO DE FUMAR DURANTE A VIDA UNIVERSITARIA

Read this article at

Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      Introducción: Se determinó la asociación entre conocimientos y actitudes frente al inicio del hábito de fumar en estudiantes universitarios. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal realizado mediante una encuesta auto-diligenciada por 433 estudiantes seleccionados aleatoriamente entre abril y mayo de 2010. Se realizaron análisis de regresión de Poisson simple y múltiple y se calcularon las razones de prevalencia (RP) crudas y ajustadas. Resultados: Se encontró que ser hombre (RP = 1,62; IC95%: 1,21-2,18) y conocer la legislación colombiana sobre tabaco (RP = 1,75; IC95%: 1,25-2,45) aumenta la probabilidad de inicio del hábito tabáquico durante la carrera. En contraste, conocer que generalmente los fumadores mueren más jóvenes (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,53-0,98), que la mayoría de pacientes con cáncer de pulmón son o han sido fumadores (RP = 0,64; IC95%: 0,46-0,89) y considerar el fumar un vicio (RP = 0,58; IC95%: 0,42-0,80) o una drogodependencia (RP = 0,48; IC95%: 0,27-0,82) están asociados con menor probabilidad de inicio del hábito de fumar durante la vida universitaria. Conclusión: El conocimiento sobre los efectos de fumar disminuye el inicio de este hábito durante la carrera.

      Translated abstract

      Introduction: The association between knowledge and attitudes before the onset of smoking during college life in college students was determined. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out through self-report survey in a sample of 433 students randomly selected between April and May 2010. Simple and multiple Poisson regression analysis were carried put and, crude and adjusted prevalence reasons (PR) were calculated. Results: We found that being male (PR = 1.62; 95%CI: 1.21-2.18) and knowing Colombian legislation about tobacco use (PR = 1.75; 95%CI: 1.25-2.45) increases the likelihood of smoking onset during college. In contrast, knowing that smokers generally die younger than nonsmokers (PR = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.53-0.98), that most patients with lung cancer are or have been smokers (PR = 0.64; 95%CI: 0.46-0.89), and considering smoking is a bad habit (PR = 0.58; 95%CI: 0.42-0.80) or a drug dependence (PR = 0.48; 95%CI: 0.27-0.82) are associated with lower likelihood of smoking onset during college. Conclusion: Knowledge about the effects of smoking decreases the onset of smoking during college life.

      Translated abstract

      Introdução: Determinou se a associação entre conhecimentos e atitudes frente ao inicio do hábito de fumar em estudantes universitários. Metodologia: Estudo de corte transversal realizado mediante uma enquete autopreenchida por 433 estudantes selecionados aleatoriamente entre abril e maio de 2010. Realizaram se analise de regressão de Poisson simples e múltiplo e se calcularam as razoes de prevalências (RP) severas e ajustadas. Resultados: Encontrou se que ser homem (RP = 1,62; IC95%: 1,21-2,18) e conhecer a legislação colombiana sobre tabaco (RP = 1,75; IC95%: 1,25-2,45) aumenta a probabilidade de inicio de habito tabagismo durante os estudos universitários. Em contraste, conhecer que geralmente os fumantes morrem mais jovens (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,53-0,98), que a maioria de pacientes com câncer de pulmão é ou tem sido fumantes ou uma drogo-dependencia (RP = 0,48; IC95%: 0,27-0,82) estão associados com menor probabilidade de inicio do habito de fumar durante a vida universitária. Conclusões: O conhecimento sobre os efeitos de fumar diminuiu inicio deste habito durante os estudos universitários.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 23

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Modeling and variable selection in epidemiologic analysis.

       S Greenland (1989)
      This paper provides an overview of problems in multivariate modeling of epidemiologic data, and examines some proposed solutions. Special attention is given to the task of model selection, which involves selection of the model form, selection of the variables to enter the model, and selection of the form of these variables in the model. Several conclusions are drawn, among them: a) model and variable forms should be selected based on regression diagnostic procedures, in addition to goodness-of-fit tests; b) variable-selection algorithms in current packaged programs, such as conventional stepwise regression, can easily lead to invalid estimates and tests of effect; and c) variable selection is better approached by direct estimation of the degree of confounding produced by each variable than by significance-testing algorithms. As a general rule, before using a model to estimate effects, one should evaluate the assumptions implied by the model against both the data and prior information.
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: found
        • Article: found
        Is Open Access

        Convenio Marco de la OMS para el Control del Tabaco

        (2003)
          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Smoking-related knowledge and attitudes of senior Australian medical students.

          To assess the smoking-related knowledge and attitudes of senior medical students and to compare knowledge and attitude changes in students exposed to four different smoking cessation skills training interventions. A survey questionnaire, assessing knowledge and attitudes, was administered pre- and post-intervention for each of the four intervention conditions. A cohort of 219 fifth-year medical students at the University of Sydney. Students were randomised into one of four intervention conditions: (1) a traditional didactic lecture mode (control group); (2) the use of role plays and audiotaped feedback; (3) role plays with peer feedback; and (4) video feedback. Knowledge on morbidity and mortality associated with smoking, intervention strategies, intervention effectiveness, and cessation practices; anticipated clinical behaviour related to smoking; and attitudes towards medical practitioner involvement in smoking cessation. Smoking knowledge was significantly greater at post-test (mean unweighted scores of 69% before and 74% after intervention). All groups had improved knowledge levels at post-test. However, after controlling for pre-test differences, the control group, video feedback, and peer feedback groups were found to have improved significantly over the audio feedback group. Scores were higher on items related to morbidity and mortality and intervention effectiveness than for items on intervention strategies and cessation practices. Positive student attitudes towards their role in smoking cessation were also found. There was an almost universally held view that doctors can have a significant impact on reducing smoking levels. Although most students perceived smoking intervention to be a worthwhile activity, they remained pessimistic about the ease with which patients' smoking behaviour could be changed. Positive smoking cessation knowledge changes can be readily achieved through training. However, specific smoking cessation training is needed for medical trainees to develop appropriate skills and strategies. Attention to particular weaknesses related to specific intervention strategies and cessation practices is required to develop competence in this area and to maximise the chances of new medical graduates fully using the opportunities available to them.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidad de Santander Colombia
            [2 ] Universidad de Santander Colombia
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            hpsal
            Hacia la Promoción de la Salud
            Hacia promoc. Salud
            Universidad de Caldas. Vicerrectoría de Investigaciones y Postgrados (Manizales )
            0121-7577
            December 2012
            : 17
            : 2
            : 25-39
            S0121-75772012000200003

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Colombia
            Categories
            PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

            Comments

            Comment on this article